Teaching Digitalisation: Impact on Innovative Learning

Teaching Digitalisation: Impact on Innovative Learning

Igor Perko (University of Maribor, Slovenia), Sonja Sibila Lebe (University of Maribor, Slovenia) and Nuša Basle (University of Maribor, Slovenia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2708-5.ch020

Abstract

In this chapter, we elaborate on effects of recently induced digitalization of teaching, and consequently on innovative learning. A series of workshops on using digital tools in the teaching process—performed by teachers for teachers—was used to conduct a two-level analysis on how digitally supported teaching is performed. In the first level, a teachers Delphi analysis was performed, in the second level, we observed teacher performance in the role of learners, examining the user experience of multiple digitally supported teaching technologies. The study reveals that only some elements of innovative learning, i.e. understanding, commenting and providing feedback, modifying the environment and upgrading the learning content were positively influenced by digital technology. The proposed text can provide value-added for teachers in preparing their on-site and on-line courses; furthermore, it provides educational organization backgrounds on how to deliver adequate support for their staff, and finally: it gives learners an insight into how to participate in an innovative course.
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Introduction

Dynamic communication and knowledge sharing among participants in the learning process: the learners, the teachers and the educational organizations supports some of the main characteristics of innovative learning: teamwork, sharing responsibilities and credits, synchronous and asynchronous communication, ethical collaboration, research beyond the formalized boundaries, and most of all having fun while learning.

Technology-based teaching tools, e.g. learning management systems (LMS), virtual classrooms (VC), massive open online courses (MOOC), augmented reality (AR), etc., provide new means of planning and performing the teaching process. The potentials and challenges of innovative learning and technology-supported teaching largely affect all participants in the learning process.

Learners, teachers, and education institutions struggle with the digitalization that is redefining the learning process. Even though separate solutions are demanded for different learner age levels and different disciplines, the task is fundamentally the same: learning is acquiring new knowledge and skills, whereas innovative learning should provide innovation for all the participants in the learning process. Currently, learners are confronted with learning environments that to not meet their expectations and thereby are not fully engaged in the learning process, teachers are repeatedly using the same teaching methods and materials, while educational organizations are struggling to keep up with the environment and are unable to form of follow viable teaching strategies.

Teaching digitalization (Kaplan and Haenlein, 2016) is heavily researched and so is the creation of innovative learning environments (Groff, 2013). Nevertheless, to our knowledge the examination success in providing digitally supported lectures to the teachers has not been examined yet, especially in the relation to innovative learning itself. This chapter is focused in closing this gap and providing value-added for all the three key stakeholder systems in education, focused in enabling innovative learning. It helps them select and apply technologies well aligned with their visions and the level of innovation, which they expect to deliver and / or acquire during the learning process. It also helps them understand the importance of their mission as well as define the goals aligned with innovative learning.

Innovative learning concepts support students to reason on potentials to change, renew, reorganize, and develop new perspectives on the observed issue. The concept of innovative learning invokes the idea of change on every aspect of learning: the learning objectives, the learning process and its outcomes (Engestrom, 1999). It may be supported by the technology supported innovative environment (Groff, 2013), while the relations between these concepts are not defined precisely.

The organization, execution, and perception of teaching, learning, and its results are changing dramatically. For students, the memorization of topics and the wish for individual excellence in a subject (thus the concept of competition between students) are replaced by teaming-up to combine ideas and capacities in order to reach a common goal (Blair et al., 2016).

For the society, it is important to gain dynamic people, capable and willing to understand and reshape existing structures and models, and who are willing to work in transdisciplinary teams. At the same time, the preparedness to invest time and energy to comprehend complex matters is replaced by the desire for instant success (Črešnar and Jevšenak, 2019). The mixture of personal independence, empathy, capacity to explore and execute in its members, can drive organizations to the next level of understanding and facilitating the learning process (Baczyńska and Thornton, 2017).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Teaching: In education, teaching is the concerted sharing of knowledge and experience, which is usually organized within a discipline and, more generally, the provision of stimulus to the psychological and intellectual growth of a person by another person or artifact. (IGI Global, 2019c AU59: The citation "Global, 2019c" does not exactly match a single reference, but may match multiple ones. Please check the citation for accuracy. ),

Innovative Learning: Is a sort of learning with a similar meaning with creative learning, by which the learners elicit the change, renewal, reorganization, and a series of new questions. Learn more in: On the Relationships between Creative Learning, Creative Teaching, and Roles of Creative Teachers (IGI Global, 2019b )

Digitalization: Integration of digital technologies into everyday life by the digitization of everything that can be digitized (IGI Global, 2019a ).

Virtual Reality (VR): Is a simulated experience that can be similar to or completely different from the real world. Applications of virtual reality can include entertainment (i.e. gaming) and educational purposes (i.e. medical or military training). (Wikipedia, n.d. AU60: The in-text citation "Wikipedia, n.d." is not in the reference list. Please correct the citation, add the reference to the list, or delete the citation. )

Augmented Reality (AR): Is an interactive experience of a real-world environment where the objects that reside in the real world are enhanced by computer-generated perceptual information, sometimes across multiple sensory modalities, including visual, auditory, haptic, somatosensory and olfactory. (Wikipedia, n.d. AU56: The in-text citation "Wikipedia, n.d." is not in the reference list. Please correct the citation, add the reference to the list, or delete the citation. )

LMS (Learning Management Systems): Are software applications for the administration, documentation, tracking, reporting, and delivery of educational courses, training programs, or learning and development programs (Wikipedia, n.d. AU58: The in-text citation "Wikipedia, n.d." is not in the reference list. Please correct the citation, add the reference to the list, or delete the citation. ).

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