Teaching IT Through Learning Communities in a 3D Immersive World

Teaching IT Through Learning Communities in a 3D Immersive World

Richard E. Riedl (Western Carolina University, USA), Regis Gilman (Appalachian State University, USA), John H. Tashner (Appalachian State University, USA), Stephen C. Bronack (Appalachian State University, USA), Amy Cheney (Appalachian State University, USA), Robert Sanders (Appalachian State University, USA) and Roma Angel (Appalachian State University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60960-503-2.ch311

Abstract

The development of learning communities has become an acknowledged goal of educators at all levels. As education continues to move into online environments, virtual learning communities develop for several reasons, including social networking, small group task completions, and authentic discussions for topics of mutual professional interest. The sense of presence and copresence with others is also found to be significant in developing Internet-based learning communities. This chapter illustrates the experiences with current learning communities that form in a 3D immersive world designed for education. Faculty at Appalachian State University (ASU) have developed and taught the graduate instructional technology program in an award-winning 3D world setting for several years. Additional ASU faculty and program areas are currently transitioning into this environment. Further, colleagues from major universities in other countries are using this environment for their students to work and to collaborate across time and distance. Telecommunications technologies in education (exposing the graduate students to the breadth of IT experiences and knowledge required), hypermedia, and advanced Web design are examples of ITrelated courses offered in the graduate program. The results of these experiences highlight the efficacy of this tool toward the formation of authentic communities within 3D Internet-based worlds as online distance education environments continue to evolve.
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Introduction

New technologies for collaboration have generated increasing interest in the formation of various kinds of online learning communities for distance education. A wide range of distributed learning communities are currently involved in training, education, gaming, social networking, and other emerging online endeavors. These distributed learning communities are available in different forms and demonstrate underlying frameworks that include collaborative text-based environments, Web-based text and graphical multiuser domains, and the more sophisticated CAVEs (projection-based automatic virtual environments). Each of the above presents its own unique technologies and possibilities for online distributed collaboration and learning. Each presents opportunities for group interactions in different ways that bring a sense of community to the task. This chapter will focus on the findings and experiences of various communities of learners formed within a 3D immersive Internet-based virtual world developed for graduate education.

Descriptions of a 3D Internet-based learning environment—called Appalachian Educational Technology Zone (AET Zone)—used by the instructional technology program in the Department of Leadership and Educational Studies at Appalachian State University have been noted in other research (e.g., Bronack, Riedl, & Tashner, in press; Riedl, Bronack, & Tashner, 2005; Tashner, Bronack, & Riedl, 2005). An Active Worlds universe server (http://www.activeworlds.com/) serves as the current platform for AET Zone, and provides a means to build virtual worlds for students, instructors, and other invited guests to meet and to work together in ways not found in other learning environments currently available. AET Zone may be characterized by significant components of space, movement, physical presence and copresence, conversational tools with small and large group shared workspaces, and metaphors and artifacts that assist with collaboration and learning online in unique and powerful ways. Students, faculty, and guests, graphically represented by avatars, move through the 3D world spaces interacting with each other and with artifacts within the worlds. These artifacts may be linked to different resources, Web pages, and tools necessary to provide content and support for various kinds of synchronous and asynchronous interactions. Small and large group shared workspace tools enable interactive conversations in text chats, threaded discussion boards, and audio chats. Group sharing of documents, Web pages, and other types of application software also are available within the virtual world.

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