Technology-Based Education: Challenges of Blended Educational Technology

Technology-Based Education: Challenges of Blended Educational Technology

Morteza Mellati (University of Tehran, Iran) and Marzieh Khademi (Baqir al-Olum University, Iran)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 15
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7010-3.ch003

Abstract

The expansion of technological applications such as computers and mobile phones in the past three decades has impacted our lives from different perspectives. Educational contexts are no exceptions, and like other environments, they have also been influenced by new teaching sources and software. More recently, there has been a passionate debate about the usefulness of the smart-phones for educational purposes and their possible uses in educational instruction; therefore, in this chapter, a review of the current published literature focusing on the use of technology-based instruction by instructors or students was conducted. The results of the study demonstrated that technology-based instruction has significant effects on learners' achievements; however, there are some challenges such as social and technical barriers in blending technology and education in different educational contexts.
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Introduction

Everyday life has experienced changes and educational settings are not exceptions. This change is more remarkable and rapid with the advent of modern technologies. Learners, for centuries, have experienced various instruments and method to learn more effectively and rapidly. Teaching in educational settings may be influenced by diverse factors. One of these factors is employing modern technologies in teaching environments. Modern technologies and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) provide extraordinary infrastructure to deliver the knowledge in numerous ways, in different regions with different learners. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has great impacts on human life from various perspectives. People communicate with each other via new technological devices such as mobile phones, social networking, texting via the internet, as well as visiting various webs without limits. Education world is no exception. The use of ICT in teaching and learning might have a positive effect on learners’ academic achievements. Many action plans were adopted at the national and international levels, and considerable investment was made for ICT in teacher education. Most teacher education programs have been redesigning their curricula in order for prospective teachers to become competent users of new technologies when they become teachers (Hartoyo, 2009; Mellati & Khademi, 2014). one of the consequence of modern technology was the advent of new filed in education that was Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL).

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