Technology-Enabled Education: Paradigm Shift in Higher Education

Technology-Enabled Education: Paradigm Shift in Higher Education

Poonam jatwani (Government College for Women, Faridabad, India), Pradeep Tomar (Gautam Buddha University, India) and Vandana Dhingra (Department of Technology, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Maharashtra, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-4763-2.ch003

Abstract

The Government of India has especially focused on artificial intelligence and machine learning-based courses in the higher education system as they have realized that the strength of India lies in higher education. Keeping in view the importance of technology in bringing a paradigm shift in the education sector, the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) is putting continuous efforts to give a push to digitize higher education. In this chapter, the authors have studied various initiatives taken by the Indian government to promote digital education in higher education by imparting artificial intelligence. By developing techniques and algorithms using AI, one can impart basic cognitive skills of teachers to computers; by this, one can delegate some teaching to machines and thus improve educational outcomes. Online digital learning will play an important role in transforming Ancient India into Digital India.
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History Of Educational Uses Of Computers

The first use of computers in the educational sector was seen in 1950 with a computer-driven flight simulator used to train pilots of MIT, USA.

The first attempt to use computers with school children was made in 1959 when the IBM team reported a program to teach binary arithmetic to New York Elementary School students via a “typewriter inquiry station” connected to an IBM 650 computer.

In 1960 the University of Illinois and Control Data Corporation started a project PLATO (Programmed Logic for Automatic Teacher Operations) having several adult education applications. PLATO project makes CBI available at many schools.

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