Telemedicine and Telehealth: Academics Engaging the Community in a Call to Action

Telemedicine and Telehealth: Academics Engaging the Community in a Call to Action

Kim L. Brown-Jackson (The National Graduate School of Quality Management, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-6198-9.ch009
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Despite identifying the importance of telemedicine and telehealth education in scholarly environments, researchers rarely explore the dynamics of taking some of this learning to the community to engage in prevention. Medical professionals are consistently receiving education to enhance their knowledge, skills, and capabilities. Telemedicine and Telehealth have a new role in the community and is akin to house calls from the past. Engaged in this text is the action for medical professionals, government officials, and civic leaders to work together to move prevention health study to the community. This movement promotes the sharing of knowledge and understanding between the scholarly world and the communities they serve. The researcher concludes with the discussion of the responsibility required in the learning process at all levels. This text will provide a guideline for such an engaged and shared approach to healthcare prevention, as well as implications for future research and practice.
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Telemedicine refers to medical data transmitted between sites through electronic communications to enhance patients' health status (Ajami & Lamoochi, 2014; American Telemedicine Association [ATA], 2015; Majerowicz & Tracy, 2010; Mokdad, Marks, Stroup, & Gerberding, 2004). Another way to refer to telemedicine is that telemedicine refers to the remote delivery of medical care. Telemedicine is the use of electronic information and communications technologies (ICT) to provide clinical services when participants are at different locations. Telemedicine does not represent a separate medical specialty; rather it is a tool that can be used by health providers to extend the traditional practice of medicine outside the walls of the typical medical practice (Bashshur & Shannon, 2009). Telehealth is a term used to encompass a broader application of technologies to distance education, consumer outreach, and other applications wherein ICT are used to support healthcare services. Physicians to physicians and physicians to patience have communicated over distance using technology since the early 1900s (Bashshur & Shannon, 2009). Current technological progress and a shifting health care landscape have altered telemedicine from a novelty into a flourishing industry.

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