The Adoption of Instructional Technologies in Teacher Education: Re-Conceptualising Instructional Technologies within the Context of Nigeria's Level of Development

The Adoption of Instructional Technologies in Teacher Education: Re-Conceptualising Instructional Technologies within the Context of Nigeria's Level of Development

Steve Nwokeocha (Teachers Registration Council of Nigeria, Nigeria)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8162-0.ch007
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Abstract

This chapter advocates for a turn to the positive side of the situation and the need to create a multiplier effect with available technologies and capabilities which at the long run could enable Nigeria to leapfrog and catch up with the advanced countries in terms of quality of teaching and learning. The chapter consequently discusses some of the new ideas and concepts that may well be exploited to improve teacher education through technology. It calls for more research, sensitization and capacity building of teachers and students about such new ideas and concepts for the benefit of the Nigerian education system. The chapter is written primarily based on the practical experiences of the author as a teacher educator and active participant in world conferences that, over the years, have devoted attention to best practical cases that have worked in various developing parts of the world.
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Introduction

The information society has information and communication technology (ICT) as its pivot. Today, information has become the heart and soul of society. The ability of any nation or system to acquire information either for strategic use or for educational application gives the nation the real advantage in the comity of nations. Through the spread of information and communication technology, people across national boundaries can instantly access information mainly through the internet, computer devices, and other technologies (Ubaru, 2005).

In schools (Power & Hedges, 2011) as in the health sector (Kommalage & Thabrew, 2008; Ross and Talib, 2012), governance (Hussain & Shareef,, 2010; Nam, 2010), military and business (Nwokeocha, 2010), the exploitation of technology for maximum information acquisition is in vogue and gives an organisation, system or country the best opportunity to emerge as a leader on the global scene. For this reason, the quest for the integration of technology in teaching and learning has become an endemic issue and many authorities propagate its usefulness. Abanikannda (2011) asserts that technologies have tremendously transformed modern society producing a global economy and system of things. According to him, this transformation affected education as it did to other activities across the world. Therefore, technologies have transformed the nature of education, how and where education takes place; the role of the teachers and learners; and standards of literacy. In effect, students and teachers must be enabled to deal with large volume of information, make quicker decisions and work more as a team.

Vasquez and Findikoglu (2011) in their work on “ICTs in education and the influence of modernization in developing countries” confirm that most authorities in education and ICT agree that technology is a “sine qua non condition for economic growth and local improvement in developing regions” (p. 101). The positive influence of technology is felt not only in agriculture and economy but also education. The authors referred to the work of Oliver (2003) which analysed the role of students, teachers and institutions and showed that the integration of ICT in education facilitated student-centred learning and promoted competency and performance based curricula. It gives students “access to various information sources, forms and types, creating learning environments focused on problem-centered and inquiry-based activities” (Oliver, and Stephenson, cited in Vasquez and Findikoglu, 2011, p. 104). Other great benefits of ICT deployment in teaching and learning as recounted by Vasquez and Findikoglu (2011, p. 104) are:

  • 1.

    Changes the paradigms of what, when, how learn;

  • 2.

    How much students learn;

  • 3.

    The cost of learning;

  • 4.

    Students take responsibility of their learning and get deeply involved in the reconstruction of knowledge;

  • 5.

    The constraints experienced by learners with special needs are temporarily removed by the use of ICT by “offering asynchronous support for learning so real-time participation is not necessary (Moore & Kearsely, 1996)”.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Teacher Education: This is the total system of curriculum, institutions, persons, materials and processes that produce teachers. Primarily, however, teacher education refers to the instructional relationship between teachers and students who are being prepared as future teachers in addition to the resources and opportunities available to the students to excel in their preparation as teachers.

Intranet: This is an electronic networking of computers across a specific organisation, group or place. The networking enables all computers connected to the net to access information one from another in micro seconds.

Innovation: This is an improvement of a situation, object or process which entails a superior level to what previously existed. Innovation, like strategy, can be the creation of something totally new or a redesign and/or adaptation of existing situation, object or process for superior performance.

Computers: These are electronic devices with hard and software components and advanced capability to process huge information and data in micro seconds. Computers that are commonly known to the Nigerian and most other environment are classified as desktops, laptops, mini-laptops, and tablets. Basically, the telephone handsets also qualify as computer systems.

Blogs: These are a sort of websites and interactive platforms on the internet to disseminate certain information and serve specific aims, purposes and audience as intended by the person or group that created them.

Internet: This is an electronic networking of computers across the world. The networking enables all computers connected to the net to access information one from another in micro seconds.

Research: Using appropriate scientific methods to investigate, rediscover and gain deeper understanding of the nature of any object or ideas available to human perception.

Instructional Technologies: These are industrially manufactured devices and tools with capability to perform tasks far beyond the ability of ordinary human effort, which can be utilized in the teaching-learning processes.

Level of Technological Development: This refers to the quantum and quality of industrially manufactured devices, tools and equipment together with their software, technical know-how, appropriate culture and environment required for their effective and efficient operation.

Group Email: This is an electronic mailing platform created on the internet for the purposes of exchanging messages (in words, documents and photos as well as chatting and other possibilities) in the interest of members who are registered for that particular platform.

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