The Analysis of Health Care Expenses of Turkey between 1990-2012

The Analysis of Health Care Expenses of Turkey between 1990-2012

Hayriye Işik (Namık Kemal University, Turkey) and Yaşar Akdağ (Hakkari University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-7484-4.ch017
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Abstract

Health is described not only as the absence of disease and disability but also as physically, psychologically, and socially general well-being of people. Best practices of individuals and the society from the health services depend on taking the correct decisions on health policies. In addition, the thought that a country spending much on health services must have a perfect status of health should not be perceived as right. Effectiveness of the spending result in the efficient practices of these services. Although there have been many institutions carrying out the health services, it has been observed that the share separated for the health from the gross domestic product in Turkey increased until 2009 but decreased as of the mentioned year and it has been stated as low compared with the other countries. In this chapter the effectiveness of Turkey's health spending between 1999 and 2012 has been analysed from this view.
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An Analysis Of Turkey’S Health Spending

In Turkey, the statistics of health spending and other statistics on health are published by the Turkish Statistical Institute, State Planning Organization, annuals of the Directorate of Refik Saydam Hıfzıssıhha Centre and Social Security Institution1. At an international level, the OECD, the World Bank, EUROSTAT and World Health Organization have extensive statistics on health.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Life Expectancy: Life expectancy is a statistical indicator that showed life time for an infant. The Turkey Statistical Institute defines as the average life years for an infant which exposed to age specific mortality rate in a specific periods during the life time.

Public Health Spending: The part of health spending hat is run completely by the government.

Effectiveness: Effectiveness is defined to achieve the intended results.

Health Spending Per Capita: Portion of total health expenditure for each individual person.

GDP: The monetary value of all the finished goods and services produced within a country’s borders in a specific time period.

Private Sector Health Spending: The spending which held by economy that is not state controlled, and is run by individuals and companies for profit.

Efficiency: Efficiency can be defined as optimization of resources. In this chapter efficiency refers the least waste of health sources.

Out-Of-Pocket Health Spending: OOP is defined as payments made by the patient directly or households.

Health Economics: Health economics is a branch of economics which aims to produce using the highest level of health care with most economical (efficient, effective, rational) resources allocated to health sector and crates best way to divide them for community and the members of social groups.

Health Spending: All of spending which aim to protect the health promotion or prevention, improvement, maintenance, nutrition and emergency programs are regarded as health spending.

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