The Application of BIM as Collaborative Design Technology for Collective Self-Organised Housing

The Application of BIM as Collaborative Design Technology for Collective Self-Organised Housing

Ton Damen (DEMO Consultants BV, The Netherlands), Rizal Sebastian (DEMO Consultants BV, The Netherlands), Matthew MacDonald (Lancaster University, UK), Danny Soetanto (Lancaster University, UK), Timo Hartmann (University of Twente, The Netherlands), Roberto Di Giulio (University of Ferrara, Italy), Peter Bonsma (RDF Ltd., Bulgaria) and Klaus Luig (3L Architekten, Germany)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 19
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7314-2.ch033


Collective Self-Organised (CSO) housing projects are an emerging trend in Europe. In these projects communities engage in co-design throughout the process. Little knowledge exists that can support CSOs with the process of managing their projects by using state-of-the-art building information (BI) technologies. The authors introduce a BI supported CSO housing design process that can support CSOs through all stages in the design process, from early conceptual location planning through to selection of interior finishing. They illustrate the project using a demonstrative illustration of a CSO housing design process. The paper will concentrate on the development of innovative Collaborative Design Technology (CDT) solutions. The tools will be demonstrated on the basis of an illustrative demonstration case in which the CSO-process is combined with an IFD (Industrial, Flexible and Durable) building system. The particular advantages for architectural design practice will be highlighted throughout and gaps in the literature addressed.
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1. Introduction

1.1. The State of the Art of CSO in Europe

This paper refers to the ongoing EU Framework 7 project PROFICIENT, that deals the development and validation of new processes and business models for the next generation of performance based energy-efficient buildings, which will create business opportunities for SMEs in the construction sector by exploiting the emerging process of Collective Self-Organised (CSO) housing for the constructing and retrofitting of energy-efficient residential districts. The project addresses the emerging and rapidly increasing trend in Europe of CSO housing.

In a CSO housing process a group of homeowners purchases a piece of land or existing properties; procure professional companies for design, construction and maintenance, and directly manage the project from planning until delivery and use. CSO Housing is a growing market. Recently launched policies and action plans by governments in a number of EU countries indicate a doubling of the current market over the next decade. The demonstration and experimental phase of CSO housing development has proven the value of this concept. For instance, in the Netherlands, in the past 10 years, successful pilot projects in various municipalities across the country have been carried out under the SEV subsidy and supervision programme (SEV, 2010). The UK government claims that “self-build homes are often cheaper, greener, more affordable and more innovatively designed than standard market housing” (DCLG, 2104), and plans for an extra 25,000 self-built homes each year.

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