The Application of Electrophysical Effects in the Processing of Agricultural Materials

The Application of Electrophysical Effects in the Processing of Agricultural Materials

Dmitry Budnikov (Federal Scientific Agroengineering Center VIM, Russia), Alexey Nikolaevich Vasiliev (Federal Scientific Agroengineering Center VIM, Russia), Alexey Alekseevich Vasilyev (Federal Scientific Agroengineering Center VIM, Russia), Konstantin Sergeevich Morenko (Federal Scientific Agroengineering Center VIM, Russia), Ihab S. Mohamed (INRIA Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée, France) and Aleksandr Belov (Federal Scientific Agroengineering Center VIM, Russia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7573-3.ch001

Abstract

Crop production is largely associated with a number of external factors that affect productivity, quality, and cost of production. A significant part of the cost (20-40%) occurs on post-harvest processing, storage, and preparation for feeding. These processes include drying, decontamination, steaming, micronisation, etc. The chapter describes the electrotechnology impacts and their use in processes of grain processing. The chapter deals with the classification of electrophysical methods of influence, correlated with the processes in which they can be applied. It describes the required levels of exposure and the resulting values of productivity, intensity, and other parameters, qualitatively describing the specific processes. The factors which can positively affect grain production include the use of ozone, ions, infrared, and microwave fields.
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Electrophysical Effects In The Processing Of Agricultural Materials

Post-harvest processing is necessary to reduce this type of loss, to increase the safety of the crop and to increase the period of its safe storage. First of all, it includes cleaning and drying of grain to standard moisture.

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