The Benefits of Peer Tutoring and Peer Mentoring in University: A Review of Research

The Benefits of Peer Tutoring and Peer Mentoring in University: A Review of Research

Ernesto López-Gómez (Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Spain) and Celia Camilli-Trujillo (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2960-6.ch002
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This chapter presents the results of a review of research about peer tutoring and peer mentoring in higher education oriented by two fundamental aims. The first of them, deepen and clarify from the conceptual point of view the peer tutoring and the peer mentoring in the university context and, in second place, to explore and evidence the benefits and the impact that these support modalities has in the light of the results of international investigations. The results show that the benefits of peer collaboration focus on two horizons: academic achievement and human-social development. An integrated approach is needed, for its greater impact for the university student. Finally, some conclusions and some guidelines for future research are proposed.
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For the attainment of the previous aims, a strategy of search, selection, analysis and discussion of relevant research for a process of non-systematic literature review has been designed. In effect, although the criteria of inclusion of the documents have been taken into account in this study, it is evident that a criterion of systematization for concrete periods has not been assumed and this perspective brings about the main methodological limitation of this study. Nevertheless, the quality of the review can be justified because it has used relevant research in a wide temporary perspective, with the aspiration to discover tendencies and conceptual frames that have been a reference in the construction of the field of study around peer tutoring and peer mentoring.

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