The Changing Role of CSDs in the Post-Trade Industry in Europe: Impact of the CSD-Regulation and T2S

The Changing Role of CSDs in the Post-Trade Industry in Europe: Impact of the CSD-Regulation and T2S

Ariena van Wageningen (De Nederlandsche Bank, The Netherlands)
Copyright: © 2016 |Pages: 17
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8745-5.ch016
OnDemand PDF Download:
$30.00
List Price: $37.50

Abstract

In this chapter Central Securities Depositories (CSDs) are analyzed, in playing an essential role in the European post-trade market. The background is presented, describing their services both on domestic level, and in a cross border context in Europe. CSDs have introduced (self) regulation and this chapter outlines the efforts they are making to remove existing barriers in a still fragmented European post-trade market, in order to achieve more efficiency. Particular attention is given to the changes and challenges the CSDs face with respect to the Central Security Depository Regulation (CSDR) and Target2-Securities (T2S), which is an initiative of the Eurosystem and is expected to go live as of June 2015. T2S will connect CSDs within the European area, performing as a cross border securities settlement engine.
Chapter Preview
Top

1. Introduction: The Functioning Of Csds And The Impact Of Csd Regulation And The Implementation Of T2s

The smooth functioning of the post-trade industry, including settlement, is essential for Europe’s economy, and the working of capital and financial markets. CSDs (including the SSS function, see box 1) play a crucial role in securities settlement industry and they need to comply to rules and regulations aiming at the smooth, safe and efficient functioning of the post-trade market.

Cross border securities settlement in the EU is still complex and complicated. Market parties have put an effort and made progress in breaking down to so called private sector “Giovannini barriers”. These barriers were identified in 2001 by a group chaired by Alberto Giovannini as the sources of fragmentation. Furthermore, they came up with the European Code of Conduct for clearing and settlement in 2006 to which they committed themselves, to comply to rules with a view to improve transparency and access.

In 2012, CPSS and IOSCO replaced and harmonized three existing sets of international standards set out for systemically important payment systems, securities settlements systems, and central counterparties, with the Principles for Financial Market Infrastructures. These Principles provide for minimum requirements and more detailed guidance to cover new risk-management areas and new types of FMIs.

Furthermore, further harmonization through the whole cross border settlement chain for different kind of products and services was needed to further improve efficiency. The industry needed a further push by means of the CSD-Regulation (CSDR) and the initiative of the Eurosystem, Target2-Securities (T2S).

The European Commission was of the opinion that CSDs, playing a crucial role in the securities market, would need their own rules by means of the CSDR. The objective of the CSDR is to improve safe and efficient cross border securities settlement, by enhancing legal and operational conditions for settlement, and laying down uniform requirements. The CSDR should follow the Principles for financial market infrastructures developed by CPSS-IOSCO. The Commission and European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) should ensure consistency with existing standards and their future developments when drawing up or proposing to revise the regulatory technical standards and implementing technical standards as well as the guidelines and recommendations referred to in the CSDR, in close cooperation with the ESCB.

Furthermore, the Eurosystem has an interest in safe and efficient settlement of these securities, especially on a cross border basis. Therefore, around 2006 the Eurosystem central banks and the ECB took the lead in developing a platform, Target2-Securities (T2S), which should make cross border securities settlement more easy.

Complete Chapter List

Search this Book:
Reset