The Circular Economy Solution to Ocean Sustainability: Innovative Approaches for the Blue Economy

The Circular Economy Solution to Ocean Sustainability: Innovative Approaches for the Blue Economy

Sónia Barroso (Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Polytechnic of Leiria, Portugal), Filipa R. Pinto (Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Polytechnic of Leiria, Portugal), Agostinho Silva (Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, ESTG, Polytechnic of Leiria, Portugal), Frederica Gil Silva (Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, University of Lisbon, Portugal), Ana M. Duarte (Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Polytechnic of Leiria, Portugal) and Maria M. Gil (Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, ESTM, Polytechnic of Leiria, Portugal)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9885-5.ch008

Abstract

This chapter gives a good grounding in view of the development of innovative technological solutions that enhance the valorisation and efficient use of marine resources through the integration of value chains, in a logic of circular economy, articulating food industry, biotechnology, and fisheries. Economy is a business model that extends the circular economy principles of sustainability and reuse to activities influencing the world's aquatic ecosystems, not only seas, oceans, and coastlines, but rivers and lakes, too. Both combine concepts of design out waste and pollution, keep products and materials in use, regenerate natural systems, sustainability, and share economy. However, the blue economy goes further to strengthen competitiveness by lowering costs and pursuing a more effective economy of scale. Consequently, the circular economy is becoming increasingly tinged with blue. The aim of this chapter was to present two case studies on sustainable business strategies for the circular blue economy.
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