The Comparative Importance of Urban and Architectural Potentials Supporting Knowledge Cities Formation and Their Relevant Indices

The Comparative Importance of Urban and Architectural Potentials Supporting Knowledge Cities Formation and Their Relevant Indices

Khaled Youssef Mohamed (Minia University, Egypt), Ayman Mohammed Mostafa (Minia University, Egypt) and Jamal Ahmad Abd el-Hameed (Minia University, Egypt)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 24
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3734-2.ch003
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In 1996, the OECD coined the term knowledge city. This caused several developed countries to seek developing and adapting the features of their cities to be upgraded to knowledge-based economic cities. Hence, various experts worked on demonstrating and identifying the features of this concept. An objective of these cities was drawn: providing sound conditions for the enhancing, creation, and exchange of knowledge and innovation. The concept was found to be interdisciplinary: economic, political, social, as well as being urban and architectural. So, this chapter aims to observe the urban and architectural potentials of these cities, as well as their comparative importance. The comparative importance of these potentials is deduced through the study and analysis of some recognized KC models. Finally, a number of indices contributing to assessing the performance of such potentials are deduced.
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2. Knowledge Based Urban Development

In the Knowledge economy era, cities started to increase their investments in the physical, social, and knowledge infrastructure for enhancing, attracting, and retaining talents. Knowledge-based development is a system that supports Knowledge economy and a new method of planning and development that turns cities into globally competitive ones (Tan Yigitcanlar, Muna Sarimin, 2010). Knight was the first to coin the concept of KBUD. He indicated the KBUD is a process where citizens take part in developing their cities through enhancing cultures and knowledge production in the city. Yigitcanlar described KBUD as the knowledge development model in the knowledge economy era. It aims at achieving economic welfare and environmental sustainability, and establishes the optimal social/spatial regime of a city. Also, he stated that KBUD is a methodology for knowledge production; one that aims at enhancing knowledge production and spreading while maintaining the environment and achieving social and economic security (Tan Yigitcanlar, Antti Lonnqvist, Jonna Kapyla, Henna Salonius, 2012). 2000, the OECD defined KBUD as decisive set of strategies that seek to achieve quality of life. In the mid-2000s, Tan Yigitcanlar reformulated the concept of KBUD as a strategic tool for developing and enhancing the competitive power of cities in the context of KBUD (Tan Yigitcanlar, 2011). KBUD aims at achieving the following (Tan Yigitcanlar, Koray Velibeyoglu, Cristina Martinez-Fernandez, 2008) (Tan Yigitcanlar, Shinyi Lee, 2009) (Tan Yigitcanlar, 2007):

  • Sustainable urban development.

  • Achieving a sustainable, safe knowledge economy.

  • Making cities vivid with cultural life.

  • Designing a knowledge city that encourages, produces, and expands knowledge work.

  • Increasing skills and knowledge of residents as a means for social development.

  • Boosting the quality of life through providing services needed for achieving social development.

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