The Dawn of Walkability

The Dawn of Walkability

Mohamed Abedo (German University at Cairo, Egypt), Mohamed Salheen (Ain Shams University, Egypt) and Abeer Elshater (Ain Shams University, Egypt)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-3507-3.ch004

Abstract

This explanatory research investigates the impact of configurations in the urban fabric on walkability regarding connectivity and global integration. This study aims to examine this effect by comparing street networks in two residential neighbourhoods in Heliopolis and New Cairo cities. The research methods use DepthMapX and Walk Score to provide relative indicators about distinctive features that enhance the walkability in the case studies. The results show significant differences between the walkability patterns and pedestrians gate counts in two case studies. In study areas, the pedestrian gate count, connectivity, and global integration give signs about people interactions during the day time. The findings figured out that the spatial configurations of street networks—that create urban fabric—play a vital role in enhancing the walkability. The possibility of simulation, to a great extent, can investigate other cases in future research with real situations on the ground. The results confirm a worthy choice for the space syntax technique as a predictor in analysing walkability.
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Background

This section discusses the term walkability and factors affecting the walkability. To interpret a walkable neighbourhood, the authors here firstly define the term precisely and identify the factors and affecting criteria. In this domain, Southworth (2005) refers to walkability as the extent to which the built environment upkeeps and supports walking by providing for pedestrian comfort and safety, connecting people with varied destinations within a reasonable amount of time and effort, and offering visual interest in journeys throughout the network.

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