The Dynamics of Molecular Photo-Dissociation

The Dynamics of Molecular Photo-Dissociation

Copyright: © 2014 |Pages: 44
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4687-2.ch002
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Abstract

Such quantum spectroscopy tools as absorption cross sections, autocorrelation functions, Fourier transformations, and Born-Oppenheimer approximations are employed for the phenomenological and analytical characterization of the molecular evolution under light interaction. Events such as photo-dissociation, photo-association, and molecular fragmentations with specialization to collinear triatomic molecular A+BC states are considered in this characterization.
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2.2. Types Of Photo-Dissociation

Dissociation energies vary from a few thousandths of an electron-Volt () for physically bound van der Waals molecules to several for chemically bonded molecules.

As a molecular mechanism of dissociation dynamics under external influence (Figure 1), the photon excites the molecule from the ground to a higher electronic state; the dissociation of the excited complex only occurs if the potential of the upper electronic state is repulsive along the intermolecular coordinate . Accordingly, part of the photon energy is consumed to break the A – B bond and the excess energy (Schinke 1993)

(2.1)
Figure 1.

Diatomic potential curves linked from the ground (AB) and for excited (AB)* and dissociation (A+B) states under external photonic influence that respects the inter-atomic separation distance; adapted and redrawn from Schinke (1993).

is spanned between the translational energy and the internal energy of the product atoms or molecules (including vibrational, rotational and electronic energy).

In addition, the dissociation energy is measured starting from the Zero Point levels of the parent molecule and up to the Zero Point levels of the products. As such, the photon creates in general a Single Quantum State in the upper electronic manifold as a consequence of UV photodissociation, which is usually carried out by a long light pulse of low intensity and narrow bandwidth. The corresponding energy follows the equation ( is the energy of the parent molecule). Multiphoton dissociation represents another type of dissociation, and it occurs in the electrostatic ground state, as illustrated below (Figure 2). Because the exact number of absorbed photons cannot be controlled, an ensemble of quantum states may be created by the laser above the dissociation threshold, and these states would have the distribution of energies . In consequence, the multiphoton dissociation becomes the result of the averaging over many quantum states (Schinke 1993).

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