The Effects of Terrorism on Tourism and the Media's Role

The Effects of Terrorism on Tourism and the Media's Role

Youngsun Shin (Wanbo College, Department of Tourism & Hospitality Management, China)
Copyright: © 2015 |Pages: 15
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8268-9.ch009
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Abstract

Crimes, terrorism, civil unrest and war have caused serious damage to the tourism industries of afflicted destinations and in some cases totally decimated a whole industry. A turbulent security environment, caused by wars, coups d'etat, civil wars and terrorist attacks, has already demonstrated its negative impact on tourism development in many countries around the world (Taylor & Quayle, 1994). As part of this growing body of tourism literature, this chapter examines the media's role and tourist destination image in general. Moreover, the primary survey carried out to discover the perceptions and attitudes of international visitors while visiting the DMZ and its vicinity and how they perceived safety in the DMZ area. The survey were 151 international tourists to the DMZ area, reveal that respondents had reasonably positive perceptions of the DMZ area.
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Introduction

In 2003, international tourist arrivals reached 690 million, generating US $524 billion. By the year 2020 tourist arrivals will reach to 1.6 billion (WTO, 2005). Despite the strength of global tourist demand, many destinations especially in the third world are facing fluctuations in tourist arrivals, due to unsafe political conditions. Richter (1992, p. 36) points at the fifth critical element ‘S’- security, in addition to four favourable ‘S’s’ (sun, sea, sand, sex) which are often seen as the core of developing a nation’s tourist appeal. This chapter attempts to define how to categorise tourism between divided nations, in particular South and North Korea, that is, separate political units that once were parts of a larger unit, subdivided by internal or external forces. Even though this research approach to the problem stems from a concern about the problem of classification of tourism between divided nations (whether such travel is international or domestic), research examination opens up interesting perspectives on such factors as power relations in tourism and the meaning of boundaries, both national and mental. Sometimes domestic tourism may include a crossing of boundaries much more significant than international borders. This paper discusses the symbiosis between tourism and peace and its opposite war, and the likely impacts of each condition on several tourist destinations. A turbulent security environment, caused by wars, coups d’etat, civil wars and terrorist attacks, has already demonstrated its negative impact on tourism development in many countries around the world (Taylor & Quayle, 1994). Since tourism development in any given country is affected by the political environment, understanding the implications of various political conditions with a relationship to tourism is important since it will assist to determine the likely outcomes on tourism activity. In other words, the purpose of this chapter is about the relationship between safety, tranquility and peace and successful tourism. More specifically, it is about the effects of the absence of safety, security and peace on domestic and international tourism throughout the world. It comes as no surprise that peace and tourism is an important topic today in the tourism literature.

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