The Evolution of Securing the American K-12 Educational Environment with Armed Police Officers

The Evolution of Securing the American K-12 Educational Environment with Armed Police Officers

Jiletta Kubena (Our Lady of the Lake University, USA) and J. Harrison Watts (Our Lady of the Lake University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9935-9.ch002
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Over the course of time we have seen a dramatic shift in the protection and security of our school system. With the increasing media coverage of school violence the general public has responded with a demand and a push for a safer educational environment for our children. This chapter addresses the movement from very limited school security through full time armed police officers responsible for the school campus. The chapter focuses on policy response to school shootings and covers a wide range of police and school response.
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Defining Education

The term educational system commonly refers to public education and more commonly to kindergarten through high school programs (K-12). In 2011 there were 16,990 school districts across the United States (National Center for Education Statistics, 2012). Schools or school districts are typically the smallest recognized form of “education system.” Each state regulates school districts through rules, educational codes and statutes. Simply put, an educational system comprises everything that goes into educating public-school students at the federal, state, or community levels to include: Laws, policies, regulations, public funding, resource allocations, procedures for determining funding levels, state and district administrative offices, school facilities, transportation, school staffing, human resources, compensation, contracts, employee benefits, textbooks, teaching resources, computers, and last but not least school security (Hidden curriculum, 2014).

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