The Impact of Islamic Religion on Women's Entrepreneurship

The Impact of Islamic Religion on Women's Entrepreneurship

Imen Ben Ammar Ouragini (Institute of Management of Sousse, Tunisia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1802-1.ch009

Abstract

The role of entrepreneurship in economic development is undeniable, and the countries' growth progress is owing to their human resources' capital. As population is constituted of men and women, gender is considered in the mainstream researches. Although the number of women entrepreneurs have been increasing, researches focusing on the relationship that links women to entrepreneurship are still studying the question of religion, specifically Islamic religion, and its impact on entrepreneurship. Indeed, along this chapter, the authors try to re-examine the relationship that links entrepreneurship to culture since religion is a major component of culture. Then, they attempt to present the essence of their research, which is entrepreneurship and religion. And finally, they explore factors that may influence women's entrepreneurship performance as family support, education, government, and personal determinants like motivation and eventual efforts.
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Introduction

Entrepreneurship is regarded as “an important catalyst” which contributes actively in reinforcing the economic growth through entrepreneurship (Fadila & al. 2015; Lydia & al., 2016; Yusuf, 2013) in both developed and under developed countries specifically in terms of defeating poverty (McMullen, 2011) and plays an important role in realizing drives to a modern economy (Ahlstrom, 2010).

Talking about entrepreneurship let us automatically think about the famous term of “Business Man” which reflects man existence within a male-controlled cultural heritage (Holland, 2015). In Islamic countries priority in business is given to males. This point of view is not as significant and important in others developed countries of different religions such as the USA. Indeed, on the one side, we cannot deny the impact of religion (David & al., 2007) specifically in terms of women’s entrepreneurial behavior. On the other side, “women Entrepreneurship is considered as one of the effective indicators for economic development and social inclusion” (Fadila & al., 2015). That is to say, although the existing hindrances, women’s are striving to create their own business, to succeed, to develop, to grow, to achieve better realizations, and to say that we are here and we are able to concrete what men are doing. Therefore, within the present chapter we will try to study “to which extent religion hindrances encounter woman’s to act entrepreneurially?

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