The Impact of the Flipped Classroom on Students' Academic Achievements in Secondary Schools

The Impact of the Flipped Classroom on Students' Academic Achievements in Secondary Schools

Meruyert Koshegulova (Dongguk University, South Korea) and Yerkhan Mindetbay (University of Southampton, UK)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2551-7.ch010

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of flipped learning on students' academic achievements in the subject of science at Bilim Innovation Lyceums (BIL) in Kazakhstan. For this purpose, pre and post surveys were conducted on 168 students who were divided into two groups; the experimental group consisting of 84 students who took part in flipped learning classes for seven weeks and the control group consisting of 84 students who experienced the traditional method of classroom instruction at the same period. To achieve the objectives of the study, a final placement test score was used before and after the introduction of the flipped classroom model. The results of the study are summarized as follows. There were a significant difference between the two groups in terms of academic achievement when it measured by test scores before and after the concerned semester. On the basis of these findings, several suggestions were made for the schools to utilize innovative instructional methods including flipped learning for sustainable education in the future.
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Introduction

Since 2000, various efforts have been undertaken to provide quality education to children, youth and adults around the world (UNESCO, 2008). UNESCO announced the ‘Incheon Declaration’ at the 2015 World Education Forum, proclaiming ‘Equal, and inclusive quality education for all, and improving lifelong learning opportunities’ by 2030 (UNESCO, 2015). Education Goal in Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is aimed at working towards quality. At this point, education institutions play an important role in society supporting sustainable development, and economic growth and education could be a strategic sector for development cooperation between countries in the Eurasian region. In the context of globalization, international cooperation partnerships between education institutions in the Eurasian region are becoming increasingly important for better responsiveness of the education to the changing needs of the labor market in this region (Asia Education, 2019).

Recent decades have witnessed huge technological progress in the education system, whereby technology has become one of the powerful tools due to its ability to increase efficiency and improve the quality of overall outcomes (Alamri, 2019). And the role of technology in reaching sustainable goals can play an important role. Huawei (2019) analyzed the correlation between SDGs and ICT and, SDG4 got 72%, which was the highest correlation with ICT (See Figure 1). The high correlation between SDG4 and ICT skills shows that a country’s overall education level is closely related to its ICT education and training level (Huawei, 2019).

Figure 1.

SDGs and ICT correlation

978-1-7998-2551-7.ch010.f01
Source: Huawei, 2019

There are several cases where access to quality education was made through implementing ICT in lots of developing countries. For example, the African countries are implementing various forms of education programs and initiatives using ICTs to improve access to educational resources through open educational resources (OERs) (Islam & Knezevic, 2019). Using ICT by implementing eLearning through OERs and online courses can be an alternative way of making education accessible and for providing scale for skill-based training at a minimum cost.

The Eurasian region is making efforts to digitalize the education system and pays lots of attention to implement ICTs in education (Avetisyan et al., 2015). The educational use of ICT is a theme that the international community is paying attention to as a key mechanism for expanding educational opportunities, providing quality education, and promoting lifelong learning societies (UNESCO, 2015). But UNESCO IITE (2012) pointed out that despite significant progress in recent years regarding the gaps in ICT development among Eurasian countries, ICT access and use by their populations is relatively low.

Analyzing the successful cases of ICT implementation into K-12, FC could be an efficient way to accelerate sustainability in education in the Eurasian regions. The use of FC as an alternative to the traditional classroom has been attracting the attention of educators. The latest advancements in technological tools such as interactive videos, video conference systems make a way to spread the use of FC (Cabi, 2018). Recent researches stated that FC is the best model for using technology in education (Hamdan et al., 2013). Also, Fabrega et al. (2019) suggested FC as an active learning methodology in sustainable development curricula.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Flipped Classroom: One of the latest eLearning model that sets out to reverse the role of teaching with homework, whereby learners would typically digest new educational content outside their classroom. Teachers would then use their classroom sessions to allow learners to apply the information learned through a series of practical assignments.

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): A blueprint that address the global challenges related to poverty, inequality, climate change, environmental degradation, peach and justice to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all.

Flipped Learning: An Interactive learning where teacher is a facilitator who gives directions to students apply concepts and engage creativity in the subject matter.

eLearning: A learning system which is obtained through the internet using an electronic device.

Eurasian Region: The alignment of the former USSR countries underpinned by historical, geographical, economic and geopolitical factors.

Open Educational Resources (OERs): A teaching and learning resources in any way that can be found in the public domain or introduced with an open license to freely copy, use, adapt and re-share them.

Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs): A learning model for delivering learning content online to anyone who wants to take a course with no limit on attendance.

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