The Institutional Impact and Community Perception Implementation of Food Security Policy on Poverty Reduction: Case of Food Self-Sufficiency Village Programme, Indonesia

The Institutional Impact and Community Perception Implementation of Food Security Policy on Poverty Reduction: Case of Food Self-Sufficiency Village Programme, Indonesia

Muhamad Rusliyadi (Polytechnic of Agricultural Development Yogyakarta Magelang, Indonesia), Azaharaini Bin Hj. Mohd. Jamil (College IGS Brunei Darussalam, Brunei), Ratna Tri Kumalasari (Agricultural and Food Security Office, Kebumen Regency, Indonesia) and Ari Abdul Rouf (Gorontalo Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology, Ministry of Agriculture Indonesia, Indonesia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-4787-8.ch002

Abstract

Indonesia has established various types of agrarian policies in line with poverty reduction initiatives. Various policies on poverty reduction schemes that have been implemented before were not successful because many of them lacked sustainability. Most strategies on the activity of the programme called for direct assistance to the unfortunate. The Food Self-Sufficiency Village Programme (Desa Mandiri Pangan) gives support financially and offers intensive assistance to the community. The principal targets of the programme are to empower the community, alleviate rural poverty and sustain food security at the village level. Active institutions play a very important role in supporting the DMP Programme. There were institutions in the village sites before the introduction of the DMP Programme, such as the village leader, village councils, farmer groups, rice milling units, a village health station unit, a school, a mosque, a church, private lenders, village shops, and traders.
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Materi And Method

This research is focused on the existing food security policy in Indonesia with regard to the DMP Programme that has been implemented since 2006. The methodology used in the study was mainly quantitative, but a qualitative approach was also used to enrich the findings of the quantitative study. Primary data were analysed using Microsoft Excel and Statistical Program for Social Science (SPSS). Research site in Java island has the largest number of population in Indonesia. It was chosen to represent the research site. Central Java was chosen for this case study because it constitutes 17.0% of the population experiencing poverty (CBS, 2011). Secondly, it has many poor villages when compared to other provinces. Four villages were selected purposively1.

Two villages from Kebumen Regency, Kedung Dowo Village at Poncowarno District and Selogiri Villlage at Karanggayam District, and the others in Magelang Regency at Madukoro Village Kajoran District and Candirejo Village Borobudur District were selected. These villages have been implementing the programme in varying stages with different characteristics and success rate. (Rusliyadi, et al 2019)

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