The Integrated Project for the Redevelopment of a Historic Building: An Example of BIM and IoT Integration to Manage the Comfort of the Building

The Integrated Project for the Redevelopment of a Historic Building: An Example of BIM and IoT Integration to Manage the Comfort of the Building

Liala Baiardi (Politecnico di Milano, Italy) and Emerson A. M. Ferreira (Universidade Federal da Bahia, Brazil)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 22
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1234-0.ch011

Abstract

In a scenario influenced by innovation and new technologies such as the internet of things (IoT) that have projected us towards industry 4.0, the digital revolution has involved the construction sector and the entire building process. This research activity aims to deepen the tools at the base of the design and management processes to an effective development and respect for the environment. The text will illustrate the example of redevelopment of an existing building in response to new market needs and in line with the circular economy vision. The redevelopment foresees the integrated development of the architectural building project and the management of the building during his entire life cycle. The innovation authors intend to achieve aims to combine building automation with the quality of life through management techniques that exploit the best use of space and control of the eco-system of the building and the services provided.
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Background

Current research focuses on the further development of building automation control systems that enable the increase in comfort and efficiency by including smart control strategies (considering the dynamic parameters such as weather, user behavior, Energy/spot prices, etc.), as well as on the overall performance of buildings with respect to new innovative building design concepts (architecture, shape, envelope, etc.) and the role of urban design (building density, functionality, etc.).

The scenario of innovation and technology has brought opportunities for civil construction to improve processes, products and services. The interest is evidenced by the progress in discussions on concepts such as Industry 4.0 and Intelligent Cities, which relate to the Internet of Things (IoT) and Building Information Modeling (BIM).

The term “Internet of Things” was first used by founders of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) research group Auto-ID Center (Sundmaeker et al., 2010). The ability to generate impacts on users' behavior has driven IoT's rapid growth (Atzori; Iera; Morabito, 2010).

The purpose of IoT is to enable communication between the real or virtual devices that exist in human daily life through the Internet. It also focuses on providing information about changes in the status of things in real time. (Isikdag, 2015).

Key Terms in this Chapter

IoT: Internet of Things, is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers.

Valorisation: Redevelopment activities that pay particular attention to the potential of transforming the property in relation to the context and needs of the reference market.

CAFM: Computer-aided facility management, is the support of facility management by information technology.

Safety: Is defined as the condition of being protected from danger or risk.

POE: Post Occupancy Evaluation) is a methodology for evaluating the “performance” of a building used.

Building Automation: Is a system, or set of systems, that provide automated control and monitoring within a building. Control is centralized, meaning that these systems can be monitored and adjusted from a small number of stations located throughout the building.

FM: Facility management, is a professional management discipline focused upon the efficient and effective delivery of support services for the organizations that it serves.

Corporate Social Responsibility: Is how companies manage their business processes to produce an overall positive impact on society. It covers sustainability, social impact and ethics.

Security: Is defined as freedom from danger or fear.

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