The Migration History of Black Africans to Britain

The Migration History of Black Africans to Britain

Thomas Domboka (Birmingham City University, UK)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-6918-3.ch001
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The purpose of this chapter is to provide the history of migration of black Africans into Britain and a backdrop for subsequent chapters. An understanding of the migration history of Black Africans is important as it helps us to understand the nature and extent of their entrepreneurial and transnational activity. The conveniently splits into three sections covering three phases or waves of migration covering the period between the 1960s to the beginning of the 21st century. The chapter shows that the reasons and motivation of migration is different with each of the phases of migration. The first phase (1960s – 1970s) consisted of restrained migration from a few African countries namely Nigeria and Ghana and was driven by the desire to acquire education. The second phase (1980s – 1990s) consisted of limited migration from an increased number of countries and still driven by education and some limited refugees. The third phase (Mid 1990s onwards) consisted of unrestrained migration largely driven by economic reasons.
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To understand the history of migration of black Africans into the UK, it is essential to consider this history by looking at the different phases or waves of migration, the reasons and motivation at each of these stages and the implications for diasporic entrepreneurial and transnational activity.

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