The Possibility of the Literary Work Generation by Computer

The Possibility of the Literary Work Generation by Computer

Akinori Abe (Chiba University, Japan)
Copyright: © 2016 |Pages: 15
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0432-0.ch002
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Abstract

Recently the importance of entertainment for senior citizens and children has been pointed out. Accordingly, it is necessary to develop robots who can write poems, compose music, paint pictures, etc. For that, for instance, an automatic poem or story generation system will be necessary. This chapter will show the possibility of literary-work (poem, story, novel etc.) generation. First, the author introduces the research field, “Language-Sense Processing Engineering (LSE)” where the affective or psychological aspects of language is focused on. The author defined “language sense (the key concept in LSE)” as affective or psychological aspects of language. One of the features can be used for literary work generation is the “intertextuality” proposed by J. Kristeva. The possibility of the automatic literary work generation will be shown by the strategy to generate waka (Japanese poem). In addition, several strategies to generate literary works will be shown to illustrate the possibility of the automatic literary work generation.
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Background: Language-Sense Processing Engineering (Lse)

Since the very end of the 20th century, the author has been studying language-sense processing engineering (LSE). This is a specialized language processing where KANSEI1 (the affective or psychological aspects of human activity) can be considered and dealt with. Of course, this is not proposed only for the computational generation of literary work. The concept of language sense can be applied to various other language applications. In this section, the author will illustrate language-sense engineering with several examples.

Definition of Language Sense

The key concept in LSE (Language-Sense Processing Engineering) is “language sense.” The author hereby defines the concept of language sense to show affective, emotional, or psychological aspects of language (Abe, 2002). In fact, language is used as a tool for communication. Accordingly, as Grice pointed out (Grice, 1957), language should correctly transfer the speaker's or writer's intention to the listeners or readers. However, sometimes we add effects to language, or intentionally remove certain information. These can sometimes become humor, a joke, ésprit, or pun. These types of phenomenon cannot be logically explained, because they are a mental or intellectual human activity. By language sense, the author would like to express and explain a type of non-logical feeling in language. Therefore, some of the targets of language sense are to analyze, entertain, or automatically generate literary works, such as poems, humor, jokes, ésprit, conversation, etc.

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