The Role of Smart City Solutions on the Road to Smart Territories: Smart Solutions to Urbanization Problems

The Role of Smart City Solutions on the Road to Smart Territories: Smart Solutions to Urbanization Problems

Mücella Ates (Information Technology and Communication Authority, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2097-0.ch001

Abstract

The concept of a smart city has emerged with the help of developing technologies against population growth, increasing urbanization rates, and rapidly depleting resources. The integration of information and communication technologies, which are the basis of the concept of a smart city, with the urban planning processes and effective use of region-specific resources are essential for the sustainability of cities. The creation of the Smart Territories, which will be the lead of smart, sustainable cities, is also directly linked to such intelligent solutions to urban problems and smart citizens. Because it is vital to be a self-sufficient structure that does urban planning by considering climatic data and develops solutions with data mining within the framework of local needs, the importance of solving the priority urban problems such as environmental management, efficient use of resources, and sustainable urban transportation with the help of rapidly developing information technologies should be emphasized on the road to smart territories.
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Background

Today, the changing structure of the cities has brought a new flow of information. Every person and all kinds of institutions located in the city have become structures that provide continuous data to this information flow. Rapidly developing technology has supported this high information flow and started mediating to transform it into urban benefit and developed the necessary infrastructure and applications. These infrastructure and applications increase the innovation potential of cities that offer better areas of communication and collaboration, real-time information, and information management tools. Correct directing of this evolution, determining the needs by collecting data, creating solutions in which the existing resources are used efficiently necessitated the high-level security of the emerging applications and large amounts of data.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Smart Environment: Effective use of public natural resources means avoiding fossil fuels, reducing carbon footprint, meeting energy needs from alternative energy sources, and using clean energy in transportation to manage the environment.

Smart Living: It is the quality of life rising with effective solutions against the changing needs in the information and technology age.

Governance: Participation of citizens in city administrations in smart urbanization processes.

Smart Growth: Properly establishing the relations between urban planning, economy, and space usage, determining the future needs and priorities in the development of urban growth strategies.

Sustainability: Examined in three parts: Economic, social, and environmental, are examined in three parts. Within the scope of these three areas, solutions, and applications that will be put forward by considering future conditions and needs.

Land Use Planning: Planning approach, which aimed using the land given the changing population structure and decreasing resources in the face of increasing population and rapid urbanization.

Social Participation: Participating in voluntary service activities as an independent or a member of a group, actively working for the benefit of the community.

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