The Significance of International Higher Education in Environmental Issues

The Significance of International Higher Education in Environmental Issues

Şerife Gündüz (Near East University, Cyprus), Isam Fathi Laama (Near East University, Cyprus) and Mirati Erdoğuş (Near East University, Cyprus)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5231-4.ch001

Abstract

Libya, potentially with enormous landmass and environmental resources, has what it takes to spearhead the African continent and can equally stand as a sustainable nation. The authors have identified three broad areas that can electronically transform the government intentions into reality; these are an institutional framework, management, and public services for collaborative partners internally and externally, and infrastructural capacity building that will enhance government. This chapter has presented a theoretical concept for further research works that will help to reshape the e-government system which is an exemplary prototype of the procedures of obtaining the higher degree in tertiary institutions; thus, Libya must compete with the standards of other countries in university policies toward sustainable environmental practices. This is the higher aim of Libya state to acquire hi-tech skills as a fundamental step toward environmental issues prior to the implementation of e-learning systems and GIS aiming to control the investment of time, effort, and financial resources.
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Introduction

Libya as a country with other African countries is experiencing serious environmental transformation due to negative impacts of human activities that are prevailing much on its natural endowments. The environmental endowments have been degraded extensively and now being faced with severe environmental consequences such as climate change, desert encroachment, drought, erosion and flood. All these constituted the major environmental problems affecting Libya because of diverse forms of pollution from the petroleum industry, deforestation, overgrazing, poor system of farming, high rate of urbanization and inefficient water management system. Although, the global communities are equally being faced with ecological problems that are rapidly eating up our environmental endowments; in fact, the entire earth is diminishing with consistent loss of natural resources and without adequate plan for the utilization of renewable resources (Annan, 2000).

The major remedy to these aforementioned problems facing our world is the learning institutions that offer information and broaden the knowledge of people in every part of human endeavors with great opportunity for talents acquisition and training to further the advancement of the state as people develop communally, intellectually, materially, economically, technologically, politically and scientifically. Learning institutions are very crucial and fundamental in our present contemporary world because it gives room for communal growth, material enrichment, financial and governmental progress that eventually accelerates meaningful development (Jadhav et al., 2014). Tertiary institution of have the potential and the know-how to offer the right solutions to every challenge threatening the state and its immediate surrounding especially on natural resources and renewable advancement that may be critical on finance, commerce, civil related matters and nature endangering problems (Calder & Clugston, 2003). Actually, education have been conforming to several problems that are affecting many nations in the world, but it is pertinent at this age that academic communities should design its curriculum and activities toward ecological protection and renewability (Redman, 2013). This kind of learning enhance significantly to the developing and broadening of youth generation mental attitudes toward renewable advancement that provide remedies to every ecological problem that are confronting our global community (Toor, 2003).

In recent time, Libyan E- Government have been reinforcing all their efforts toward management restructuring, environmental evaluation and workable environmental practices by creating study institution according world environmental protection protocols and institutionalizing Geographical Information System that can be easily adopted by Libyan society. All these operations have been staged and implemented successfully with the sole objective of affiliating with foreign partners on environmental matters such as the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP); it was a collective collaboration that has Libyan society toward sustainable environmental initiatives and practices (Cassar & Bruch, 2003).

These initiatives also deal with the development of state program for preservation of ecosystem and bio-diversities, development of state workable programs or schemes in conjunction with corporate companies that connect nationwide with both grass root communities and global communities on environmental matters

Libyan legislative body designs the rules and regulations pertaining to l protection of natural resources that are provided by local communities and some are sourced from global communities. These regulations cover additionally environmental matters and institutions that include National Center for Standardization which works dwell on the verification and preparation exercises and giving testing and examination administrations to industry and business, and evaluation of natural resources standard.

The initiators have concurred on SWOT investigation and work on the evaluation of diverse indicators formerly to implement e-teaching scheme in various organizations that work along and promote environmental values and initiatives (Rimmon-Kenan, 2014)

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