The Strata of Subcultural Translation: Sources of Fragmentation in Globalizing Societies

The Strata of Subcultural Translation: Sources of Fragmentation in Globalizing Societies

Mohammad Ali Kharmandar (Islamic Azad University, Shiraz Branch, Iran)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 19
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2832-6.ch008
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Abstract

This study proposes a new understanding of cultural evolution through translations embedded in subcultures. The underlying argument is that translation does not evenly and equally affect all social strata in a given culture, but there are selective (inclusive and exclusive) mechanisms that diversify a culture into several usually competing sub-groups. Evolution through translation takes place in parallel and very different sub-streams as subcultures. To make this understanding possible, however, some taken-for-granted notions should be revisited in translation studies (TS) and some gaps should be filled before subcultural translation can be framed. This study proposes an analytic whole in which a momentum of change in history leads to a reacquisition of disposition in cultural subjects, ultimately shaping a form of capital realized as semiotic/lingual translation. To explain this process, Foucault's historical discontinuity, Ricoeur's narrative identity, and Bourdieu's capital are incorporated.
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Background Of Subcultural Theory

Before the notion of subcultural translation can be conceptualized in this study, an overview of studies concerned with subcultures is presented here. The major issues addressed are attitudes toward subcultures, their possible sources of gaining capital, and their traditional typology. Subcultures have been defined in very different and in some cases relatively contradictory ways (Nwalozie, 2015, p. 2). In their early configurations, studies concerned with subcultures relied on abnormal/criminal psychology. Research into subcultural deviancy has covered a wide range of real crimes that may appear in diverse forms (e.g. electronic crimes) (Holt, 2007, p. 172). Yet, a recurrent emphasis on the possible threats of subcultures could encourage people in a society to internalize negative views about such communities. As a result of negative approaches, subculture, in its early stages of theoretical development, was used to refer to “lower, subordinate, or deviant status of social groups” (Nwalozie, 2015, p. 2).

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