To Methodology Research of Microwave: Convective Processing of Frain

To Methodology Research of Microwave: Convective Processing of Frain

Alexey N. Vasilyev (Federal Agricultural Research Center VIM, Russia), Alexey Alexeyevich Vasilyev (Federal Agricultural Research Center VIM, Russia), Dmitry Budnikov (Federal Agricultural Research Center VIM, Russia) and Aleksandr Belov (Federal Agricultural Research Center VIM, Russia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1216-6.ch007

Abstract

In the presented materials, a system of principles and approaches for studying processes of microwave-convective grain treatment is discussed. The essence of this research is described starting from the initial phase of designing structural diagrams of technological processes. Based on the explicitly-defined process target, a functional-physical analysis has been performed that made it possible to specify the most essential factors of process. The morphological analysis of the processes was carried out in several stages. At each stage, the specification of the goal and excluded variants of factors that at this stage, the development is impractical to implement. It is advisable to carry out a check of the effectiveness of the options selected from the morphological table using modeling. To this end, developed a mathematical and computer models of the process. The results of modeling the drying of grain in the microwave - convective zone confirmed the feasibility and efficiency of using the obtained model.
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Research Method

Methodology, in its practical sense, is a system of principles and approaches for research activities that have to be adhered by researchers in the course of obtaining and development of knowledge, in the frames of a specified problem (Novikov, & Novikov, 2013; Lukashevich, 2001, Ruzavin, 1975). The following system of principles and operation sequence was applied in the course of studying the process of microwave-convective treatment of grain:

  • 1.

    Development of process block diagram.

  • 2.

    Development of the target statement for technological process.

  • 3.

    Defining controlled parameters, control actions, initial conditions and status options for the object under control.

  • 4.

    Application of functional-physical analysis to controlled parameters, control actions, initial conditions and status options of the controlled object.

  • 5.

    Morphological analysis of the process under development and selection of appropriate variants of initial conditions, controlled parameters and control actions. Adjusting the purpose of the process.

  • 6.

    Development of mathematical model for the process under study.

    • a.

      Description of dynamic properties of the subject of research.

    • b.

      Specifying initial and boundary conditions.

  • 7.

    Method selection for mathematical model solution. Solving the problem.

  • 8.

    Software selection for dynamic programming of the process under development.

  • 9.

    Implementation of mathematical model with the use of computer. Program checkout. Model-based analysis of the process under study.

  • 10.

    Optimization procedure. Application of computer simulation technique for optimization of parameters of the process under study or for that of design parameters of equipment used to implement this process.

  • 11.

    Planning of experimental studies designed to check validity of model-based analysis results.

  • 12.

    Development of experimental equipment and carrying out experimental studies.

  • 13.

    Experimental results analysis.

  • 14.

    Adjustment of the mathematical model of the process.

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