The Transformative Capacity of Telementoring on Self-efficacy Beliefs: A Design-Based Perspective

The Transformative Capacity of Telementoring on Self-efficacy Beliefs: A Design-Based Perspective

Deborah A. Scigliano (Duquesne University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61520-861-6.ch005
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Abstract

This chapter focuses on the intentional design of telementoring projects to enhance self-efficacy beliefs. The emphasis is on a pragmatic approach to design. Self-efficacy is defined and its importance is detailed. Intentional design which focuses upon addressing the four influences on efficacy of mastery experience, vicarious experience, verbal persuasion, and physiological state is advocated. A design-based drama telementoring research study which employed the best practices of self-efficacy and telementoring research is examined. Capacity, illustrative vignettes, and design implications for each of the four influences on self-efficacy are discussed.
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The Importance Of Self-Efficacy

The important role that self-efficacy beliefs play in human agency must be known and understood. The following poem reveals the pivotal influence that self-efficacy has in determining one’s course of action.

State of Mind

If you think you are beaten, you are.

If you think that you dare not, you don’t.

If you’d like to win, but think you can’t,

It’s almost certain that you won’t.

If you think that you’ll lose, you’ve lost.

For out in the world you’ll find,

Success begins with a fellow’s will,

It’s all in the state of mind.

If you think you are outclassed, you are.

You’ve got to think high to rise.

You’ve got to be sure of yourself before

You can ever win a prize.

Life’s battles don’t always go

To the stronger or faster man,

But sooner or later, the man who wins

Is the man who thinks he can.

-Jesse Owens

The person in this poem who has the attitude that he can win is most likely a person with high self-efficacy beliefs. But, what does self-efficacy mean? What is so important about self-efficacy beliefs? Why does telementoring hold the powerful capacity to transform one’s self-efficacy beliefs? These are the questions that will be explored, examined, and discussed in this chapter.

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