Trends and Prospects of the Moroccan Health System: 2010-2030

Trends and Prospects of the Moroccan Health System: 2010-2030

Nada Zouag (Al Akhawayn University, Morocco) and Ahmed Driouchi (Al Akhawayn University, Morocco)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4723-7.ch013
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Abstract

This chapter looks at the current situation of health deficits and shortages in Morocco with a focus on the role of medical education. The trends and prospects in health care, medical staffing, and medical education are analyzed. The attained results from both trend description and simulations of patterns show major shortages relative to the needs. The existence of these trends appeals for further cooperation in the areas of health care through emphasis on medical education and research. These outcomes appear to be promising for the pursuit of satisfying the needs of a growing population and demand for healthcare. Further cooperation can lead to the acceleration of a mutual win-win collaborative process between Northern and Southern economies with no room for brain drain in the case of medical doctors. This chapter introduces the health system of Morocco to the reader and helps in better perceiving the survey conducted with medical doctors in Morocco and that is analyzed in the following chapter.
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Part I: Characterization Of The Moroccan Health System

The paper describes the situation of healthcare in Morocco. This includes the description of health expenditures, the part allocated for the pharmaceutical sector and the budget distribution among health organizations and products. It is concluded from the 2006 health report “Comptes Nationaux de la Santé” that the size of the national health system financing is still low and healthcare is still expensive. It is also reported that the financing is always fragmented, its distribution is inequitable and the collective health financing is still limited, that health insurance is not sufficient and that the allocation of resources is not compatible with the health priorities and basic needs (Ministry of Health/ WHO, 2006).

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