Trends in Health Care Information Technology and Informatics

Trends in Health Care Information Technology and Informatics

T. Ray Ruffin (University of Phoenix, USA & Colorado Technical University, USA & Grand Canyon University, USA & Ashford University, USA, & North Carolina Wesleyan College, USA) and Donna Patterson Hawkins (University of Phoenix, USA)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 12
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7489-7.ch021

Abstract

It was not until 1994 that the United States healthcare industry established information systems capable of handling a universal delivery system. The healthcare industry has been one of the unhurried organizations to embrace the computer revolution in regards to patient care. Healthcare comprises of the use and management of a profusion of information that must be collected, managed, reviewed, processed, and mined. Technology changes rapidly and maintaining the status quo in healthcare actually means falling behind, and health organizations cannot afford to do that in a technology-driven world. This chapter investigates the trends in healthcare information technology and informatics. The chapter will consist of the following sections: background; issues, controversies, and problems; solutions and recommendations; future research directions; and finally the conclusion. This will enhance the field of health information and technology and its influences on all aspects of health organizations and society in general.
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Background

Health care expenditures have amplified melodramatically during the past 50 years, mutually in total terms and as a share of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services [CMS], n.d.). Expenditures in the U.S. health care segment computed over $2.7 trillion in 2011, increasing from up the $698.3 billion expended in 1980, increasing by a factor of 3.9. Health care expenditures in 2011 attributed for 17.9 percent of GDP, resulting in doubling of the shares from 1980 (CMS, n.d.). These expenditures have led to Quality Management for Health Care System to make available a structure to aid health organizations in communicating, monitoring, and incessantly advancing the whole HDS (James, n.d.). The vision for the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Quality Strategy is to optimize health outcomes by leading clinical quality improvement and health system transformation. This has resulted in and gives indication back to the very suggestion that a systematized system to achieve high quality care can be a front-runner to lowering health care costs (James, n.d.).

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