Trends in Macroergonomics Applications for Improved Work Systems

Trends in Macroergonomics Applications for Improved Work Systems

Karina Cecilia Arredondo, Arturo Realyvásquez, Guadalupe Hernández-Escobedo
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-6684-2405-6.ch106
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Macroergonomics is the subdiscipline of ergonomics that is concerned with the analysis, design, and evaluation of work systems. It means, macroergonomics focuses on harmonizing the organizational structure of a company and not only one workstation or one task, as microergonomics does. Macroergonomics is a top-down, middle-out, and bottom-up approach. In the top-down approach, the overall general work system structure may be prescribed to match the organization's sociotechnical characteristics. On the other hand, the middle-out approach focuses on the analysis of subsystems and work processes, which can be assessed both up and down the organizational hierarchy from intermediate levels, and also, up and down some changes may be done to ensure the work system design is harmonized. Finally, the bottom-up approach comprises an extensive participation of employees in the identification of problems. Currently, macroergonomics is considered an emergent subdiscipline, and there is the need to promote current theories and methods and propose new ones.
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Historical Contexts

A search in the Scopus database of the word Macroergonomics in the article title, abstract or keywords, and filtering the period from 1994 to 2013 was done. 150 documents resulted from the search and were classified and summarized in 70 conference papers, 64 articles, four book chapters and two editorials. After, the analysis was conveniently limited to only articles and book chapters so that 68 documents were used in this phase. Table 1 presents the recurrent researchers in the field.

Table 1.
Researchers with most published articles from 1994-2013 in the Macroergonomics field
Kleiner, B.M.7Azadeh, A.2
Karsh, B.T.5Clegg, C.W.2
Carayon, P.4Drury, C.G.2
Newman, W.P.4James, C.G.2
Robertson, M.M.4Nagamachi, M.2
Sainfort, F.4Smith, M.J.2
Erensal, Y.C.3Taveira, A.D.2
Hendrick. H.W.3Village, J.2
Albayrak, E.2Zink, K.J.2
Alper, S.J.2

Source: (Scopus, 2018)

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