E-Turkey: Turkey’s Way to the Information Society

E-Turkey: Turkey’s Way to the Information Society

Ibrahim Arpaci (Middle East Technical University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60960-489-9.ch015
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Abstract

This chapter focuses on e-Turkey. In other word, this chapter is about electronic government (e-government) activities, developments and improvements in Turkey. The success and challenges of e-government are analyzed in a national context. The purpose of the study is to analyze ongoing e-government projects held in Turkey and identify stakeholders, drivers, and challenges of the e-government projects. This study is a qualitative research. During data collection, a series of semi-structured interviews were conducted with top and middle level managers within public organizations. Moreover, the study involved information and data from the literature and the Turkish governmental organizations. Results of the study indicate that there are many successful e-government projects carried out by the interaction of stakeholders. In spite of some challenges, Turkey is advancing rapidly on the way to the information society.
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Introduction

Turkey’s Facts

Turkey’s implementation of e-government is shaped by many factors including its size, centralized governance structure, e-government goals, Gross Domestic Product (GDP), population, etc. Turkey is very large country with a land area twice size of Germany and a population of 71.9 million in 2009. By 2015, Turkey's population will have increased to 82.6 million, overtaking Germany as the most populous country in Western Europe. Turkey has the highest birth rate in Western Europe at 20.1 births per 1,000 inhabitants and as a result the youngest population with a median age of 27.1 years in 2006 (Euromonitor, 2010). All these factors influence the development of e-government in Turkey both negatively and positively. Table 1 illustrates some statistics about Turkey belonging to 2010.

Table 1.
Turkey’s facts
Population (Millions)71,5
Population Growth (Annual %)1,312
Life Expectancy at Birth (Years)72,2
GDP (US$ Billions)729,051
Inflation, Consumer Prices (Annual %)8,59
Unemployment (% of Total Labor Force)11,3
Number of Internet Users (% of Population)41,6
Number of Internet Subscribers (% of Population)10,7
Household Possession of Personal Computers (% of Population)43,2
Mobile Telephone Subscriptions (% of Population)90,5

Source: Turkish Statistical Institute (2010)

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