Two Unique Protected Sites with a Modern Heritage in Historical Peninsula in Istanbul

Two Unique Protected Sites with a Modern Heritage in Historical Peninsula in Istanbul

Gülhan Benli (Istanbul Medipol University, Turkey) and Aysun Ferrah Güner (istanbul Medipol University, Turkey)
Copyright: © 2017 |Pages: 27
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-1744-3.ch005
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Abstract

Suleymaniye and Zeyrek areas in the Historical Peninsula containing a combination of the architectural works of different religions, different cultures and communities are two districts which were entitled to be included in UNESCO world heritage list from Istanbul in 1985. Traditional architectural texture in Zeyrek and Suleymaniye among some unique districts of Istanbul, which brings neighborhood-centered lifestyle of Ottoman period in the past to the present, basically consists of wooden houses. Diverging process has affected on these two unique residential areas having their own hierarchical and political characteristics by planned development activities in time and it was forced to sacrifice many works belonging to Ottoman period within the borders. Another modern building obtained as a result of the competition in the Republican Period practically undertakes the task of combining these two estranged areas. Characteristics of the said two protected areas, diverging process and modern heritage acting as a buffer shall be examined in this study.
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Two Unique Protected Sites In The Historical Peninsula

Importance of the Study

The Historical Peninsula is the name given to the area surrounded by the Bosphorus Strait and the Marmara Sea, the place where the city was established and developed. As a result of the archeological excavations carried out for the Marmaray Metro construction in Yenikapı district which is located in the Historical Peninsula, it was understood that the Historical Peninsula has a history of 8,500 years and has the feature of being one of the most important centres of the Roman Empire. Being the capital of the Byzantine Empire for 1,058 years and also of the Ottoman Empire for 469 years, the area has the feature of hosting many important historical structures belonging to these civilizations (Freely & Çakmak, 2009). Dozens of ancient palaces, mosques, churches, fountains and obelisks, wood, and masonry houses from the Roman Empire, Byzantine, and Ottoman periods are all the symbols of the Historical Peninsula.

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