Type-2 Fuzzy Sliding Mode Synchronization

Type-2 Fuzzy Sliding Mode Synchronization

T. C. Lin (Feng Chia University, Taiwan), Ming-Che Chen (Feng-Chia University, Taiwan) and M. Roopaei (Islamic Azad University, Iran)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61520-737-4.ch014
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This chapter presents an adaptive interval type-2 fuzzy neural network (FNN) controller to synchronize chaotic systems with training data corrupted by noise or rule uncertainties involving external disturbances. Adaptive interval type-2 FNN control scheme and sliding mode approach are incorporated to deal with the synchronization of non-identical chaotic systems. In the meantime, based on the adaptive fuzzy sliding mode control, the Laypunov stability theorem has been used to testify the asymptotic stability of the chaotic systems. The chattering phenomena in the control efforts can be reduced and the stability analysis of the proposed control scheme will be guaranteed in the sense that all the states and signals are uniformly bounded and the external disturbance on the synchronization error can be attenuated. The simulation example is included to confirm validity and performance of the advocated design methodology.
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In general, the synchronization phenomenon is happened when two, or more, chaotic oscillators are coupled, or when a chaotic oscillator drives another chaotic oscillator. In the other word in the synchronization problem the output of the drive system is used to control the response system so that the output of the response system follows the output of the drive system asymptotically. Although chaotic systems have deterministic behavior, they are extremely sensitive to initial conditions and difficult to predict. Motivated by potential applications in chaos synchronization, such as communication theory, biological engineering, pattern recognition and information processing, control chaotic dynamics has received and increasing interest. The OGY method, a model-free chaos control method, was proposed to stabilize one of the unstable periodic orbits by perturbing an accessible system parameter over (Ott, Grebogi, & Yorke, 1990). Besides, many chaos control strategies have been presented based on feedback control technologies as well as sliding mode control (SMC) (Chang, 2001; Kim, Yang, & Hong, 2003; Leu, Lee, & Wang, 1999; Li & Tong, 2003; S. C. Lin & Chen, 1994; Palm, 1992; Sastry & Bodson, 1989; Chi Hsu Wang, Lin, Lee, & Liu, 2002; Chi Hsu Wang, Liu, & Lin, 2002; L. X. Wang, 1993, 1994; L. X. Wang & Mendel, 1992; W. Y. Wang, Chan, Hsu, & Lee, 2002; Yoo & Ham, 1998; Zheng, Liu, Tong, & Li, 2009). Recently, the study of chaos synchronization has become a hot spot in the nonlinear dynamics field and researchers in this field have explored a variety of problems on chaos synchronization, such as the stability conditions for chaos synchronization, the realization for a successful synchronization and the applications of chaos synchronization.

In recent years, some chaos synchronizations based on fuzzy systems have been proposed (Noroozi, Roopaei, Balas, & Lin, 2009; Noroozi, Roopaei, Karimaghaee, & Safavi, 2010; Noroozi, Roopaei, & Zolghadri Jahromi, 2009; Mehdi Roopaei & Jahromi, 2008; Mehdi Roopaei, Zolghadri Jahromi, & Jafari, 2009; Mehdi Roopaei, Zolghadri, John, & Lin, in press; ‎Mehdi Roopaei, Zolghadri, & Meshksar, 2009; Zadeh, 1965). The fuzzy set theory was initiated by Zadeh (Chen, Lee, & Chang, 1996). Recently, intelligent control approach has been done on applications of FNNs, which combine the capability of fuzzy reasoning to handle uncertain information and the capability of artificial neural networks to learn from processes. The FNNs do not require mathematical models and have the ability to approximate nonlinear and uncertainties systems. Therefore, there were many researches using FNNs to represent complex plants and construct advanced controllers (Chen, Tseng, & Uang, 2000; Golea, Golea, & Benmahammed, 2003; Hojati & Gazor, 2002; Kim et al., 2003; Kosko, 1994; Kovacic, Balenovic, & Bogdan, 1998; C. C. Lee, 1990; H. Lee & Tomizuka, 2001; Leu et al., 1999; Li & Tong, 2003; J. M. Mendel, 2004; Nguang & Shi, 2003; Sastry & Bodson, 1989; Tseng & Chen, 2001; C. H. Wang, T. C. Lin et al., 2002; C. H. Wang, H. L. Liu et al., 2002; J. S. Wang & Lee, 2002; L. X. Wang, 1993, 1994, 1997; L. X. Wang & Mendel, 1992; Yang & Zhou, 2005; Zheng et al., 2009) based on the back propagation algorithm. Currently, there were only few works to analyze and simulate the type-2 FNN (Hsiao, Li, Lee, Chao, & Tsai, 2008; Karnik, Mendel, & Liang, 1999; Kheireddine, Lamir, Mouna, & Hier, 2007; Tsung Chih Lin, 2009; ‎Tsung Chih Lin, Kuo, & Hsu, in press; Tsung Chih Lin, Liu, & Kuo, 2009; J.M Mendel, 2007; Jerry M. Mendel, John, & Liu, 2006; J. M. Mendel & John, 2000; C. H. Wang, Cheng, & Lee, 2004)

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