University Reading and Mathematics Clinics in the Digital Age: Opportunities and Challenges with iPad Integration

University Reading and Mathematics Clinics in the Digital Age: Opportunities and Challenges with iPad Integration

Sheri Vasinda (Oklahoma State University, USA), Faryl Kander (Oklahoma State University, USA) and Adrienne Redmond-Sanogo (Oklahoma State University, USA)
Copyright: © 2015 |Pages: 29
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8403-4.ch006
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This chapter discusses the findings of an exploration to integrate iPads in a university reading and mathematics clinic impacting three groups of learners: preservice teachers enrolled in reading and mathematics practicums, the K-8 community students served by the clinic, and the teacher educators. The TPACK model was used as a conceptual framework for teacher educators to engage and support preservice teachers in a technology rich learning environment designed to enhance their literacy and mathematics content knowledge, pedagogical knowledge, and technology knowledge, and the complex intersections between each. The teacher educators expected their mostly digital native preservice teachers to recognize technology affordances and technology integration opportunities when provided content knowledge and pedagogical support. Although the K-8 tutees were engaged at high-levels, faculty's assumption of the digital native preservice teacher was disrupted. Teacher educators discovered that digital natives still need support in developing technological knowledge in an educational setting.
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Often, university students and K-12 students come to school from homes where touch technology is part of their everyday lives, through the use of smartphones, tablet computers, and hand-held gaming systems. However, schools often lag behind the outside culture in technology integration. Seymour Papert (1994, 1996), one of the world’s foremost experts on technology and learning, posited that the full effect of technology on education will not be known until students no longer have to share devices.

Because the future work of the world is destined to be digital (Tsukayama, 2014), schools are beginning to explore these devices and 1:1 environments for learning in an effort to engage and prepare tech-savvy citizens for college and careers. Even schools with limited funds are changing their stance on mobile learning devices and are opting for “Bring Your Own Device” policy changes that result in new learning landscapes (Flanagan, 2013; ISED, 2013). These 1:1 environments are becoming more commonplace, and iPads are at the forefront of the movement (Jo, 2013; Kraft, 2013; Upadhyaya, 2013). In the most recent National Survey of Mobile Technology for K-12 Education (Interactive Systems Education Design, Inc. [ISED], 2013), iPads lead the national trend as the most common mobile devices adopted or planned to be adopted. These devices bring great hopes for changing the landscape of learning by differentiating instruction, increasing engagement, providing more collaborative opportunities, and supporting understanding of learning objectives. Thus, teacher educators find themselves charged with preparing preservice teachers for digital learning environments that neither they nor their students have experienced as teachers or learners.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Leverage: To leverage technology is to use its positive affordances to their maximum potential.

Readers Theater: Performance reading used to develop reading fluency through repeated readings of a script.

Deictic: Considering the innovation of technologies relative to time. Technologies that previously seemed novel are currently commonplace.

Agency: The capacity to act independently and make choices.

Mobile Tablet Devices: Small mobile computers with a touch screen interface, such as the Apple Computer iPad.

Technology Integration: The inclusion of technology as a teaching or learning tool.

Think Aloud Strategy: Teachers or students talk through their thinking processes aloud.

Preservice Teachers: University/college students who have declared teacher education as a major in a teacher preparation program.

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