Urban Planning 3.0: Impact of Recent Developments of the Web on Urban Planning

Urban Planning 3.0: Impact of Recent Developments of the Web on Urban Planning

Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko (University of Tampere, Finland) and Roger W. Caves (San Diego State University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8751-6.ch020
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Abstract

This chapter addresses the challenges that changing technologies pose to urban planning. Urban planning continues to be influenced by an emerging creativity and knowledge-sharing culture that has an inherent connection to digital transformation. Technology certainly plays an important role in the production of content and its distribution. Such a transformation is giving urban planning a new look, which is depicted in the concepts of Urban Planning 2.0 and Urban Planning 3.0. In this chapter, this paradigm shift is explained and illustrated with a special view to identifying the ways these second and third generations of the Web affect urban planning. There is a plethora of pilot projects and new practices in Urban Planning 2.0, even if experiences as a whole are so few and far between, which makes it difficult to assess both the best practices in this field and the long-term impacts of their application. Recent developments associated with the applications of Web 3.0 and related technology trends in urban planning, which are designed to bring intelligence into planning, have hardly seen daylight due to both technological and socio-technical challenges associated with them. In brief, in the case of Web 2.0, we know on the basis of our initial experiences by and large how it may support urban planning; however, in the case of Web 3.0, technological uncertainties and systemic dimension of related applications make the concept more ambiguous and thus more challenging to assess what the true potential of this emerging Web trend is from the point of view of urban planning.
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Development Of Three Generations Of The Web

Probably the most important practical instance of the Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in the post-war years has been the introduction of the Internet and the World Wide Web – sometimes referred to as WWW or the Web – as its most widely used service. The evolution of the Web has a connection, even if partly indirect, to recent trends in urban development. To shed light on this connection, let us start by painting a picture of the evolution of the Web generations.

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