Using Grounded Theory Methodology to Explore Women's Sense of Insecurity

Using Grounded Theory Methodology to Explore Women's Sense of Insecurity

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-4252-1.ch009
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The focus of this chapter is reviewing the studies on sexual harassment and sexual violence, focusing on definitions, statistics, forms, consequences, and prevention strategies. Moreover, it concerns the grounded theory (GT) as a qualitative research methodology and provides a comparison between this methodology and constructivist GT that is considered to be more compatible with feminist inquiry. To study the theories with inappropriate or inadequate features and to study the subject under investigation, such as the analysis of women's sense of insecurity, GT methodology seems most appropriate. This chapter provides a detailed discussion of the impact of sexual violence on mental and physical health as well as social well-being, all of which may be equally long-lasting. Preventive strategies, as mentioned in this chapter, are concerned with changing people's attitudes and behaviors by formulating and implementing appropriate policies and empowerment programs.
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Sexual Harrassment

Despite of greater risk of violence from an intimate partner, women are also exposed to other forms of violence. They may experience sexual harassment in the workplace and other arenas. Sexual harassment refers to the abuse of a position of hierarchy or a significant power disparity. Traditionally, it was linked to employment, but it may happen in other spheres including education.

More than four decades have passed since sexual harassment and insecurity have been of consideration but there is limited research on the issue of insecurity in the workplace. Even in some societies, such issues are considered as a kind of social taboos. Gender inequality is manifested, at the macro level, in forms of sexual harassment and feelings of insecurity in the workplace. Apart from various gender discrimination, women are even vulnerable to insecurity because of their bodies. Women in senior positions in an organization with both work and time management and ethical behavior are not also secure in the workplace.

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