Utilization of the Emergency Department

Utilization of the Emergency Department

David Nfodjo (University of Louisville, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61520-723-7.ch014
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Abstract

The primary role of the Emergency Department (ED) is to treat the seriously injured and seriously sick patients. However, because of federal regulations requiring the ED to treat all who enter, EDs have become the providers of a large number of unscheduled, non-urgent care patients. The role of the ED has changed considerably in recent years to treat those without insurance, and without primary care physicians. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the use of the hospital ED for non-urgent care in relationship to socio-economic status and payer type. This study will identify the Socio-economic factors related to the utilization of the emergency department for health care. The study will identify for the purpose of shifting patients that use the Ed as primary care to a nearby clinic. The clinic is within a mile of the ED. It is a Nurse-managed health center that provides free care.

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