Video Surveillance System Applications

Video Surveillance System Applications

Copyright: © 2014 |Pages: 23
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4896-8.ch024
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Abstract

The fact that video surveillance is such an effective system especially when one thinks of its widespread use attests to its low investment cost. This chapter contains information about design guidelines, hardware information, specific examples, and necessary parameters to be addressed while designing representative security video surveillance system applications: protection of all assets and personnel, calculation of the overall cost of the video system, surveillance target (assets and/or personnel), surveillance timing schedule, type and number of cameras needed, camera placement, field of view required, console room monitoring equipment, number and types of monitors, number of displays per monitor, number and type of recorders, digital recording technology needed, type of video switchers, type of video printer, if additional lighting is required, if intensified or thermal IR cameras are required, if sensors at doors, windows, and perimeters that are integrated with video signals are needed, digital video motion detectors placement, IP cameras, type of signal and video transmission, type of digital transmission, type of 802.11 protocol, type of compression (MPEG-4 or H.264), and the necessity of encryption or scrambling.
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1. Introduction

The fact that video surveillance is such an effective system especially when one thinks of its widespread use attests to its low investment cost. This chapter is contains the following information: design guidelines, hardware information, specific examples, and necessary parameters to be addressed while designing representative security video surveillance system applications.

The facilities, surveillance and institution area covers wide range including:

  • 1.

    Small and large retail stores.

  • 2.

    Government/industrial/business agencies.

  • 3.

    Banking and financial institutions.

  • 4.

    Correctional institutions.

  • 5.

    Lodging and casino establishments.

  • 6.

    Airports, seaports, and highway surveillance, and many others.

The applications are concerned with three generic-type systems:

  • 1.

    Analog systems.

  • 2.

    Combined analog and digital systems.

  • 3.

    Digital systems.

When designing a video surveillance system regardless of its specific application the following parameters should be considered:

  • 1.

    Protection of all assets and personnel.

  • 2.

    Calculation of the overall cost of the video system.

  • 3.

    Surveillance target: assets and/or personnel.

  • 4.

    Surveillance timing schedule.

  • 5.

    Type and number of cameras needed.

  • 6.

    Cameras placement.

  • 7.

    Field of view span.

  • 8.

    Type of cameras: fixed or pan/tilt/zoom.

  • 9.

    Type of cameras: overt or covert.

  • 10.

    Type of cameras: color or monochrome.

  • 11.

    Type of cameras: day or night.

  • 12.

    Console room monitoring equipment definition.

  • 13.

    Number of monitors.

  • 14.

    Types of monitors: CRT, LCD, or plasma.

  • 15.

    Number of displays per monitor.

  • 16.

    Number and type of recorders.

  • 17.

    Digital recording technology required.

  • 18.

    Type of video switchers.

  • 19.

    Multiplexer or video quad splitter.

  • 20.

    Type of video printer: monochrome or color; Inkjet, thermal, or laser.

  • 21.

    If additional lighting is required.

  • 22.

    If intensified or thermal IR cameras are needed.

  • 23.

    If sensors at doors, windows, and perimeters that are integrated with video signals are required.

  • 24.

    Digital video motion detectors placement.

  • 25.

    IP cameras.

  • 26.

    Type of signal and video transmission: coaxial cable, UTP, fiber optic, RF, or microwave analog transmission.

  • 27.

    Type of digital transmission: LAN, intranet, Internet, WiFi digital transmission.

  • 28.

    Type of 802.11 protocol.

  • 29.

    Type f compression: MPEG-4 or H.264.

  • 30.

    The necessity of encryption or scrambling.

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