Virtual Collaboration and Community

Virtual Collaboration and Community

Ann Borda (Victorian eResearch Strategic Initiative (VeRSI), Australia) and Jonathan P. Bowen (London South Bank University and Museophile Limited, UK)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60960-100-3.ch809


This chapter introduces the concept of a Virtual Organization (VO), using the Internet to link geographically separated participants in an efficient and novel manner. In particular, the chapter contrasts the attributes of Project VOs and Community VOs. The former tend to be more formal and arise for a particular collaborative goal with a limited lifetime. The latter are less formal and more open-ended, with a less specific purpose, largely aimed at developing an online community as an end in itself. The features of Project and Community VOs are compared and the various technologies are discussed. Two case studies are presented as examples. This is a rapidly changing area with new technologies becoming rapidly available, but the underlying concepts and reasons for the existence of VOs in the support of virtual collaborative practice remain more stable.

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