Visions, Voices, and Virtual Journeys: The Future of Distance Education

Visions, Voices, and Virtual Journeys: The Future of Distance Education

Tony L. Talbert (Baylor University, USA) and Adeline Meira (Baylor University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60960-111-9.ch018

Abstract

The future of distance education is certainly promising but frenetic as well. With the aid of technologies easily accessible to students and teachers alike the geographic barriers that once allowed only the few to engage in educational opportunities are now geographic bridges that promote distance learning where students and teachers from diverse latitudes and attitudes are able to engage in real time teaching and learning interactions. This teaching and learning environment is called “Viral Education,” where the process of education can be symmetrical or asymmetrical in the teaching and learning process as well as multi-task oriented in both product and idea development. This chapter looks at the future of distance education and provides a brief survey of emerging technologies that are just moments or months away from reality. In addition, this chapter explores the notion of customized education which is a continuation of democratic movements within and outside the classroom.
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We offer, through technology

what religion and revolution

have promised but never delivered:

Freedom from the physical body.

Freedom from race and gender

from nationality and personality,

from place and time.

Communicating by cellular phone

and hand-held computer

PDA and built-in fax modem,

we can relate to each

other as pure consciousness.

(Giuliano, Levinson, Crichton & Levinson, 1994)

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Introduction

The subject of distance learning could not be more controversial than it is right now. While many higher education faculty are thrilled about the new promises brought by new methods and tools that can augment their teaching, many are still defiant and worry about the future of their livelihood. Some reasons distance learning is viewed with skeptical eyes might be the great number of courses offered through online platforms in which students can quickly access the information from anywhere in the world, the multitude of degrees offered by different online institutions which vary from technical degrees to doctoral degrees, and the noteworthy growth of the number of institutions that are offering those online degrees in the past few decades. However, this method of instruction can be very advantageous and can provide a lot of opportunity for people that otherwise would not seek continued education.

Profit online universities such as Phoenix, Walden, Kaplan, seem to be experiencing a prosperous time while traditional four-year Universities seemed to have felt the impact of the latest economic national crisis. Van Dusen (1997) suggests that “the literature of higher education is suffused with the rhetoric of systemic reform and strategic planning” (p.9). Indeed it should, since the belief that “Universities won’t survive,” that “the future is outside the traditional campus, outside the traditional classroom,” and that “distance learning is coming on fast” (Gibson & Herrera, 199, p.57) is not left unnoticed by traditional universities. They have certainly not turned their faces to the blooming of online and multi-media aided courses. Part of their initiative has been to adapt to 21st century learning environments of customized, multi-tiered, interactive ways to deliver educational materials and instruction as noted by The National Center for Educational Statistics (NCES). The NCES is considered the chief federal body for collecting, analyzing, and reporting educational data, and in its 2008 report, it illustrated that in 2006-2007 61% of 2-year and 4-year Title IV postsecondary degree-granting institutions offered some kind of online, hybrid/blended online, and other types of media at either undergraduate and graduate level courses. It was also reported that in those institutions11, 240 certificate programs were designed to be completed totally through distance education (Parsad & Lewis, 2008).

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