Voyeurism in Social Networks and Changing the Perception of Privacy on the Example of Instagram

Voyeurism in Social Networks and Changing the Perception of Privacy on the Example of Instagram

Serpil Kır (Hatay Mustafa Kemal University, Turkey)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 15
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1041-4.ch015
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With the development of communication technologies and changing perceptions of privacy in Turkey, it has emerged to problematize as concept voyeurism. The basic element that framed the intimate place over the body is the place. In social networks, the reset function of the place transforms the private body into a public domain for consumption. The notion of voyeurism, which means watching, is also related to place as of origin. The pleasure of peeping the place belonging to others is also related to the pleasure of penetrating the boundaries of place. Social networks threaten privacy/space as a voyeur environment in the context of establishing this system of pleasure. In the context of social networks, place, and body, a conceptual framework will be discussed, as well as privacy and voyeurism. Also, the selected social network activities will be examined by Instagram's photo and video sharing content analysis method.
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Concept Of The Privacy And Its Limitations

It is very difficult to make a concrete definition and to determine the limits of privacy, which is one of the most important defense mechanisms established by the individual against his/her environment. One of the important reasons for this difficulty is that the concept of privacy has a variable characteristic from individual to individual, from culture to culture and from year to year. Within these variables, the individual exists with the personal perception of privacy and uses this privacy as a kind of defense armor in many environments from social life to work, from family life to friendship circles and even to the virtual world that the individual has set up in the computer environment.

Attempting to explain the phenomenon of privacy, which shows variations in space and time by definition, there emerges another common point that literature emphasizes: the habitat (space) of the person. Because privacy is related to habitats. These habitats are open to others. For example, common life is the area known to many relatives. The private life is a hidden area where privacy and confidentiality are defined. “The private space/life consists of the views of life kept to oneself and includes knowledge desired to be enclosed from the others” (Yüksel, 2003, p. 189).

The individual realizes the need for socialization under the roof of privacy and within the limits. As a part of the need for socialization, a person sometimes needs to share her/his privacy with others. Privacy, thus, is one of the central concepts in terms of the sincerity and reliability of relationships and determines the dimension of the relationship in the individual's social domains in terms of the quality and depth (Dedeoglu, 2004).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Surveillance: Can be viewed as a violation of privacy. A graph of the relationships between users on social networking sites. Social network analysis enables governments to gather detailed information about peoples' friends, family, and other contacts. Since much of this information is voluntarily made public by the users themselves, it is often considered to be a form of open-source intelligence. One common form of surveillance is to create maps of social networks based on data from social networking sites such as Facebook, Instagram, Twitter. These social network “maps” are then data mined to extract useful information such as personal interests, friendships & affiliations, wants, beliefs, thoughts, and activities.

Privacy: Privacy is the ability of an individual or group to seclude themselves, or information about themselves, and thereby express themselves selectively. The boundaries and content of what is considered private differ among cultures and individuals, but share common themes. When something is private to a person, it usually means that something is inherently special or sensitive to them. The domain of privacy partially overlaps with security (confidentiality), which can include the concepts of appropriate use, as well as protection of information. Privacy may also take the form of bodily integrity. Privacy may be voluntarily sacrificed, normally in exchange for perceived benefits and very often with specific dangers and losses, although this is a very strategic view of human relationships.

Instagram: Instagram is a photo and video-sharing social networking service owned by Facebook, Inc. The app allows users to upload photos and videos to the service, which can be edited with various filters, and organized with tags and location information. An account's posts can be shared publicly or with pre-approved followers. Users can browse other users' content by tags and locations, and view trending content. Users can “like” photos, and follow other users to add their content to a feed.

Voyeurism: Voyeurism is the sexual interest in or practice of spying on people engaged in intimate behaviors, such as undressing, sexual activity, or other actions usually considered to be of a private nature. The term comes from the French for which means “to see”. However, that term is usually applied to a human who observes somebody secretly and, generally, not in a public space.

Exhibitionism: Is the act of exposing in a public or semi-public context those parts of one's body that are not normally exposed – for example, the breasts, genitals or buttocks. The practice may arise from a desire or compulsion to expose themselves in such a manner to groups of friends or acquaintances, or to strangers for their amusement or sexual satisfaction or to shock the bystander. Exposing oneself only to an intimate partner is normally not regarded as exhibitionism. In law, the act of exhibitionism may be called indecent exposure, “exposing one's person”, or other expressions.

Social media: Social media is an interactive computer-mediated technology that facilitates the creation and sharing of information, ideas, career interests and other forms of expression via virtual communities and networks.

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