Waste Disposal: Sustainable Waste Treatments and Facility Siting Concerns

Waste Disposal: Sustainable Waste Treatments and Facility Siting Concerns

Hossein Farraji (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia), Nastaein Qamaruz Zaman (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia) and Parsa Mohajeri (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9610-5.ch003
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Abstract

Through the human municipality growing and industrialization process, productions of municipal solid waste have been growing in parallel line. The properties and composition of municipal solid waste as the main solid waste produced by human has cultural, regional, social habits and behavior, beside the economic condition, influences the properties and compositions of waste disposal, which contains process that start after collecting and transporting MSW to landfill site. After site selection, the process of recycling, waste composting and incineration will be assessed as intermediate disposal methods. Our final goal in waste disposal focused on environmental protection. This chapter will have a review on recycling merits and as effective ecofriendly methods for disposing municipal solid waste (MSW) for saving greenhouse gases (GHGs). Incineration as a commercial waste disposal will also be reviewed. Making decision about waste disposal is a multi-criteria issue because of MSW mixture, climacteric of area, cultural and economic condition, technical support, and environmental impact.
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Site Selection

One of the most important parts of waste disposal process is site selection, which nowadays going on to be converted as critical factors by countries such as China(Zheng, Song et al. 2014), Brazil (Kannan, de Sousa Jabbour et al. 2014) and India(Suthar & Sajwan 2014) These countries are improving their standards to tackle this issue. Also Swartzbaugh (1993) mentioned that site selection is one of the three major phases in his presented method in USA, and the strategy and planning of waste disposal starts after site selection .

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