Waste Management Initiatives in Rural India

Waste Management Initiatives in Rural India

Rishi Kumar (Institute of Management Technology Ghaziabad, India)
Copyright: © 2015 |Pages: 17
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8259-7.ch024
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Abstract

In this chapter, the author aims to present an overall view of the Waste Management practices employed in rural parts of India and their overall sustainability in terms of present scenario. It would discuss the successful models employed in some parts of the country and the reason, that why they are not prevalent or expand to the rest of the nation inspite of them being successful in their own territory. It would also discuss the various Initiatives taken by the government in this regard such as the Total Sanitary Campaign which aimed at bringing an improvement in the general quality of life by creating awareness on improving the sanitation facilities and providing health education in rural parts of the country. This chapter also suggests about the further improvements that can be done in the overall model by including other stakeholders like Local Gram Panchayats, NGOs and community people.
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Literature Review

Under this section we would discuss the previous researches done regarding rural waste management initiatives. A review of existing literature reveals that a great number of studies on Solid waste management have been undertaken. A study conducted by Hazra & Goel (2008) presented an overview on of current solid waste management practices in Kolkata, India and suggested solution to some of the problems. They stated that the collection process is deficient in terms of manpower and vehicle availability. Capacity of bins provided is adequate but locations were found to be inappropriate which contributed to the inefficiency in the process. Further, Hazra & Goel (2008) proved that there is no treatment was provided to the waste and it is dumped on land after collecting it. However, in order to improve these problems, authors provided some solutions for these problems. For instance, to improve collection and transportation at Kolkata city, PPPs can be a successful solution, with private agencies providing waste collection service at lower cost and greater efficiency (Hazra & Goel, 2008). It was proposed that it could also be replicated in other rural parts of the West Bengal once it shows results in Kolkota.

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