Water Pollutants and Their Removal Techniques

Water Pollutants and Their Removal Techniques

P. Senthil Kumar (Sri Sivasubramaniya Nadar College of Engineering, India) and A. Saravanan (Vel Tech High Tech Dr. Rangarajan Dr. Sakunthala Engineering College, India)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 20
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5754-8.ch008

Abstract

A developing number of contaminants are entering into water supplies from industrialization and human actions. On account of pharmaceuticals, individual care items, hormones, pesticides, and other substance intensifies that are discharged into the water supply, rising contaminations distinguished in water may have contrary effects to human wellbeing and aquatic environments. In perspective of the previously mentioned issues, late consideration has been centered on the improvement of more effective, low cost, vigorous strategies for wastewater treatment, without additionally focusing on nature or endangering human wellbeing by the treatment itself. The treatment methodologies include primary, secondary, and tertiary treatment using chemical and biological processes. Various strategies, for example, electrochemical, ion exchange, chemical precipitation, coagulation, membrane separation, adsorption, dialysis, flotation, and biological methods have been utilized for the expulsion of harmful contaminations from water and wastewater.
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Characteristics Of Water

Water quality measures can be arranged in various ways, however frequently are gathered as physical, substance and natural. To give a point of view to considering the attributes of water it will be informative to consider first the hydrologic cycle and its relationship to those attributes, and after that survey the strategies used to measure them.

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