Web and Education as Disruptors of Traditional Education and  Development of Future Students and Workers

Web and Education as Disruptors of Traditional Education and Development of Future Students and Workers

Marie-Line Germain (Western Carolina University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2914-0.ch007

Abstract

Over the past 30 years, the internet has evolved from being the web of content to being the web of thoughts and the web of things in business, communication, entertainment, and education. To stay competitive, higher education institutions have had to train students on the wide range of skills and experiences and to move to digital platforms to better meet the needs of students, employees, and organizations. This chapter provides an overview of the development of online education, the 1.0 to 5.0 phases of web development, and how the field of education has adapted to these phases. Particular emphasis is placed on the use of mobile learning such as MOOCs, course collaboration software, and how smartphones can be used in courses to interact with peers and faculty. This chapter then presents a case study illustrating how online courses can successfully integrate Web 4.0 and 5.0 technology. It concludes by discussing the benefits and challenges of adopting some disruptive technologies and on how educational institutions can meet the needs of the next generation of students.
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Online Education And Moocs: From A Timid Start To A Paradigm Shift

Online education is typically offered in two formats: online courses (credit-bearing or not), and Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), for which certificates can be earned at no cost or for a small fee. Some free MOOCs such as Coursera have a paid “verified certificate” option (Online Course Report, 2019). Even when they are fee-based, MOOCs remain inexpensive and are accessible to almost any budget. As of 2019, the top five MOOC providers by registered users include Coursera (23 million users), edX (10 million users), XuetangX (6 million users), FutureLearn (5.3 million users), and Udacity (4 million users).

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