Web Resources on Zea mays: An Overview

Web Resources on Zea mays: An Overview

Shri Ram (Thapar University, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-1871-6.ch015
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Abstract

Zea mays (Z mays), commonly known as corn, is a staple food used worldwide. The research field involving Z. mays has huge potential for agricultural scientists, where the new inventions are being used for the better crop protection. Bioinformatics has revolutionized the research where gene sequencing technology has helped a lot in better agricultural practices through mapping. This chapter proposed to review the research involving Z mays and worldwide resources available on the crop.
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Introduction

Maize, commonly known as corn (Scientific Name Zea mays) is a large grain domesticated about ten thousand years ago by indigenous people (Bradle, 1980). Maize is the most widely grown crop throughout the globe. In America, about more than 332 million metric tons maize is grown annually, which is highest among all country (FAO, 2013). USA has been the most productive country in terms of total yield according to the Food and Agricultural Organization (Table 1). It has been noticed that the USA has been the most productive county in terms of the over all production of maize crop since 2009.

Table 1.
Annual production of corn during last five years
CountryYield in Metric Tons
20092010201120122013
United States of America33254860316164930313948610273820066353699441
Brazil5071982255364271556602357107281080538495
Argentina1312138022676920237998302119663732119211
Ukraine1048630011953000228379002096130030949550
India1671950021725800217600002226000023290000
Mexico2014281623301879176354172206925422663953
France1528821713974600159133001561410015053000
Canada956120011714500106887001306010014193800
South Africa1205000012815000103600001183000012365000
Russian Federation396343030843506962440821292411634943
Italy78777008495940975259281946006503200
Germany45272284072900518400049910004387300

Source: FAO, 2013.

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