Wiki-Dic 2.0: An e-Voting Approach to Exploit User-Generated Content

Wiki-Dic 2.0: An e-Voting Approach to Exploit User-Generated Content

Tryfon L. Theodorou (University of Macedonia, Greece), George E. Violettas (University of Macedonia, Greece) and Christos K. Georgiadis (University of Macedonia, Greece)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61692-016-6.ch011
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Abstract

We may define e-voting as the process of evaluating an article or ranking a translation of a specific scientific term in a relevant web site. This all process of participation and interaction is one of the Web 2.0 definitions, the collaborative knowledge. On-line dictionaries have to consider this factor in order to succeed. They have to be interactive and they have to attract and support the users’ participation and contribution. In the proposed e-dictionary, namely “Wiki-Dic”, some experts begin a dictionary, they start filling it with words and translations, and all users are allowed not only to look for the translation, but also to vote for it. The most voted translations go to the top. In addition, appropriate security countermeasures are used to deal efficiently with the “one vote per person” problem and to avoid malicious software. Furthermore, an intelligent algorithm that is giving weights to the voters is implemented. In this way, the weights are computed automatically from our application, based on quantitative and qualitative information as well.
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E-Voting Perspectives

E-voting is under study of the Council of Europe (Remmert, 2004). Application types (categories), motives/advantages, and requirements may provide three major perspectives for analyzing critical e-voting issues.

E-Voting process may fall in one of the following four categories (Mitrou, Gritzalis, & Katsikas, 2002):

  • a.

    public elections and/or referenda at state and/or local level (with binding effects),

  • b.

    internal elections and similar decision procedures,

  • c.

    advisory polls for decision-making and advisory referenda, and

  • d.

    internet polls.

As declared in the 2004 Council of Europe recommendation for electronic voting, the most important motives for implementing e-voting are (CoE, 2004):

  • 1.

    enabling mobility of the voters,

  • 2.

    facilitating the participation in elections from abroad,

  • 3.

    raising voter turnout by offering additional channels,

  • 4.

    widening access for citizens with disabilities,

  • 5.

    reducing cost,

  • 6.

    delivering voting results reliably and more quickly.

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