Wireless Sensor Network to Support Intelligent Transport Systems

Wireless Sensor Network to Support Intelligent Transport Systems

H Ranganathan (Sakthi Mariamman Engineering College, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-0101-7.ch025
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The future generation of vehicles on the road is going to be driven by wire. To aid in this ‘electronic’ revolution in the vehicle, the role of wireless sensors and their interaction amongst themselves and with the environment is gaining importance. It is an area where the majority of research resources is allocated and being spent. For successful interaction of information from environment / vehicle, there is a need for wireless networking of the information from different sources. To keep pace with the development of wireless networks for intelligent transport systems, newer network architectures, protocols, and algorithms are being developed. This chapter sheds light on all these issues.
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1. Introduction

The use of wireless sensor networks (WSN) in different fields is already discussed. One major area where WSN can be very useful is in transport. WSN can be effectively used to enhance the safety and mobility. We have been witnessing tremendous growth in Intelligent Transport Systems over the past three decades (Wang, 2010). Transport systems have become sophisticated with the introduction of electronics systems in vehicles. Growingly we find electronics finds increased use in vehicles. As per a study, the market for automobile electronics is growing @ 5.9% per year (http://www.techtransfer.berkeley.edu/newsletter/08-3/vehicle-detection-with-wireless-sensors.php, n.d.). The California Center for Innovative Transportation (CCIT) tested and reported on the wireless vehicle detector system on behalf of Caltrans DRI in October 2006.

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