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What is Annotation

Human-Computer Interaction and Technology Integration in Modern Society
The term annotation refers to any extra information included within a document that denotes or references a particular point being made by the author(s) in an argument. Typically, annotations are placed in the margins of a printed book page, and can be added by either readers or the original authors. For this reason, they often mark a point of necessary discussion between readers and writers on a specific topic. Digital media formats continue to develop better methods of including annotations online or on mobile devices.
Published in Chapter:
Reading and Collaboration: Developing Digital Reading Practices With Computer-Assisted Text Analysis Tools
Andrew Klobucar (New Jersey Institute of Technology, USA) and Megan O'Neill (New Jersey Institute of Technology, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-5849-2.ch008
The introduction of digital media into university writing courses, while leading to innovative ideas on multimedia as a rhetorical enhancement means, has also resulted in profound changes in writing pedagogy at almost all levels of its theory and practice. Because traditional approaches to examining and discussing assigned texts in the classroom were developed to help students analyze different genres of print-based texts, many university educators find these methods prohibitively deficient when applied to digital reading environments. Even strategies in reading and text annotation need to be reconsidered methodologically in order to manage effectively the ongoing shift from print to digital or electronic media formats within first year composition. The current study proposes one of the first and most extensive attempts to analyze fully how students engage with digital modes of reading to demonstrate if and how students may benefit from reading digital texts using computer-assisted text analysis (CATA) software.
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More Results
Introducing Digital Case Library
Annotation is extra information for document or piece of information. It is usually generated by readers of original information, reflecting the use (understanding, interpreting, commenting, etc.) of original information. Annotations are affiliated to original information, but not vice versa.
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Context-Aware Capture and Sharing of Mobile Videos
Extra information or note associated with a particular object.
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Google Docs Motivates Creative Inspiration and Constructive Interaction
A comment or words of explanation that are added to a body of text.
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A Comparative Study on E-Note-Taking
The activity of briefly describing or explaining information. It can also involve summarising or evaluating content.
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E-Tagging in Context: Information Management across Community Networks
Additions to a digital object, such as marginal notes containing reactions, commentary, analysis, or links to related work.
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Multimedia Representation
Descriptive text attached to multimedia objects.
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Use of Apps and Devices for Fostering Mobile Learning of Literacy Practices
Marking up text to add highlights and individual comments, connections, and questions.
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Searching Semantic Data Warehouses
Comment, explanation or presentational markup attached to text, image, or other data and used to add information about the desired visual presentation, or machine-readable semantic information.
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Comparing Approaches to Web Accessibility Assessment
“A remark attached to a particular portion of a document, and covers a broad range in literature… Web annotation is crucial for providing not only human-readable remarks, but also machine-understandable descriptions, and has a number of applications such as discovery, qualification, and adaptation of Web documents” (Hori, Ono, Abe, & Koyanagi, 2004, p. 2).
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Social Semantic Bookmarking with SOBOLEO
An annotation is extra information that is associated with some data, usually a document or website. Common uses of annotation are keywords associated to images that aid retrieval or comments about the quality of (parts of) the document in question. An annotation is normally added after the creation of a document and mostly created by other people than the initial author. The verb 'to annotate' refers to the process of adding an annotation to some document. An annotation is a special kind of meta-data, distinguished by the property of mostly being added later; however, the difference between annotation and meta-data is not clear cut.
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E-Learning Systems Content Adaptation Frameworks and Techniques
A technique for content adaptation; special tags are added onto the HTML page to allow browser to operate in a pre-defined function.
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The Marginal Syllabus: Educator Learning and Web Annotation Across Sociopolitical Texts and Contexts
The addition of new information to a source text, commonly associated with book marginalia, text highlights, and written notation.
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Supplementary information attached to other information; examples are symbols, labels, or graphical overlays on maps.
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Supporting Semantic Verification of Process Models
Annotation is the act of adding some descriptive extra information (e.g. in the form of metadata) to an artifact that becomes annotated.
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Using Annotations for Information Sharing in a Networked Community
A form of writing that has been placed on paper or an electronic document by the user of that resource. It is the outcome of attentive reading of a text and is a visible trace of human attention. These annotations make a statement about the document, or some part of it at a certain point in time.
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Ubiquitous Access to Adaptive Hypermedia
Enables users to mark text, link information elements mutually, couple information elements to communication entries, and supplement information with comments or notes.
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